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A number of chromosomal abnormalities including 19q deletions have been associated with the formation of human gliomas. In this study, we employed a proteomics-based approach to identify possible genes involved in glioma tumorigenesis which may serve as potential diagnostic molecular markers for this type of cancer. By comparing protein spots from gliomas(More)
Two patients presented with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) associated with iron deficiency. A 14-year-old man had thrombosis extending from the end of the superior sagittal sinus to the left transverse sinus. Severe dehydration after competitive sport had induced CVST. The laboratory findings showed severe iron deficiency anemia which persisted for(More)
The histogenesis of stromal cells in capillary hemangioblastoma has been the subject of debate. The light and electron microscopic studies of hemangioblastomas presented here showed pericytic and leiomyoblastic features in stromal cells. Cells cultured by the monolayer method showed similar features to those of the original tumors. Immunohistochemical(More)
Treatment of normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK) with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) causes a 9-fold increase in the level of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA expression. Nuclear run-off assays indicate that this induction is at least partly due to increased transcription. Activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling pathway due to(More)
For glioblastomas, COX-2 expression is linked to poor survival. COX-2 effects are mediated by the receptors EP2 and EP4, whose regulation is poorly understood. The expression of EP4, and activation or inhibition of EP4 activity in human glioblastoma T98G cells, was found to correlate with growth on soft agar. Chemoprevention drugs, troglitazone (TGZ) and(More)
The terminal phase of pontine glioma is reportedly characterized by disturbance of consciousness. The authors retrospectively reviewed 8 children who died of pontine gliomas in their hospitals. The hospital records were analyzed specifically in regard to neurological status and terminal case. All children became mute and quadriplegic with cranial nerve(More)
We studied arachidonic acid metabolism and the expression of cyclooxygenase (Cox) and 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO) in the human colorectal carcinoma cell line, Caco-2, which undergo apoptosis and cell differentiation in the presence of sodium butyrate (NaBT). Caco-2 cells expressed very low levels of Cox-1 but highly expressed Cox-2. NaBT treatment shifted the(More)
A new clinical grading of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to ruptured aneurysm, classified by the presence or absence of vomiting, and by the duration of initial unconciousness at the time of bleeding, is proposed. Grade I: headache without vomiting, Grade II: headache, vomiting, and/or loss of consciousness lasting less than one hour, Grade III: loss of(More)
We investigated the relationship between the activity of calcium-dependent protease (calpain) and the ischemic neuronal damage. We also investigated the mechanism of ischemic resistance in astrocytes. In gerbil, a 10-min forebrain ischemia was induced by occlusion of both common carotid arteries. The calpain-induced proteolysis of cytoskeleton (fodrin) was(More)
An approach which improves on the conventional suboccipital craniectomy was used to explore a jugular foramen, a hypoglossal neurinoma, and a tentorial meningioma. A postero-medial mastoidectomy supplemented by the conventional suboccipital craniectomy made it possible to expose the entire sigmoid sinus. Subsequent medial retraction of the exposed sigmoid(More)