Hideki Kamitani

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The terminal phase of pontine glioma is reportedly characterized by disturbance of consciousness. The authors retrospectively reviewed 8 children who died of pontine gliomas in their hospitals. The hospital records were analyzed specifically in regard to neurological status and terminal case. All children became mute and quadriplegic with cranial nerve(More)
We investigated the relationship between the activity of calcium-dependent protease (calpain) and the ischemic neuronal damage. We also investigated the mechanism of ischemic resistance in astrocytes. In gerbil, a 10-min forebrain ischemia was induced by occlusion of both common carotid arteries. The calpain-induced proteolysis of cytoskeleton (fodrin) was(More)
Whether and when unruptured aneurysms or aneurysmal rests following incomplete surgery result in subsequent bleeding are major concerns for neurosurgeons. By calculating the annual growth rate of aneurysms in long-term follow-up angiography (partly supplemented with MR-imaging and/or MR-angiography), we attempted to determine the surgical indications for(More)
BACKGROUND Down's syndrome's association with malignancies such as leukemia is well known, but its association with brain tumor appears to be rare. We reviewed such rare cases of Down's syndrome and intracranial germ-cell tumor. CASE REPORT A 10-year-old boy with Down's syndrome and intracranial germinoma located in the left basal ganglia is reported. The(More)
A new clinical grading of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to ruptured aneurysm, classified by the presence or absence of vomiting, and by the duration of initial unconciousness at the time of bleeding, is proposed. Grade I: headache without vomiting, Grade II: headache, vomiting, and/or loss of consciousness lasting less than one hour, Grade III: loss of(More)
Although rat models implanted with C6 glioma cells have been widely utilized for the assessment of new therapeutic modalities, a convenient in vivo model is still required. We implanted C6 glioma cells into the brains and the abdominal subcutaneous regions of Wistar rats, and evaluated the volumes of the growing tumors. The cultures of 5 x 10(6) cells had(More)
BACKGROUND We describe the first case of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome that is associated with C3 and C4 aneurysms. CASE DESCRIPTION The patient, a female aged 58 years, had diplopia and right retroorbital pain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an enlargement of the hypophysis and bilateral cavernous sinuses, particularly on the right side. Cerebral angiography(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors that increase histone acetylation on transformed cells are being investigated as unique anticancer drugs. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate an antiproliferative activity of the histone deacetylase inhibitors sodium butyrate (NaBT) and trichostatin A on 5 glioma cell lines, T98G, A172, U-87 MG, U-118 MG, and U-373(More)
Two patients presented with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) associated with iron deficiency. A 14-year-old man had thrombosis extending from the end of the superior sagittal sinus to the left transverse sinus. Severe dehydration after competitive sport had induced CVST. The laboratory findings showed severe iron deficiency anemia which persisted for(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been expected to become useful gene delivery vehicles against human malignant gliomas when coupled with an appropriate vector system, because they migrate towards the lesion. Human artificial chromosomes (HACs) are non-integrating vectors with several advantages for gene therapy, namely, no limitations on the size and(More)