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Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) is a mitochondrial enzyme playing a key role in the control of insulin secretion. However, it is not known whether GDH expression levels in beta cells are rate-limiting for the secretory response to glucose. GDH also controls glutamine and glutamate oxidative metabolism, which is only weak in islets if GDH is not allosterically(More)
Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, glucose transport, glucose phosphorylation and glucose utilization have been characterized in the insulinoma cell line MIN6, which is derived from a transgenic mouse expressing the large T-antigen of SV40 in pancreatic beta cells. Glucose-stimulated insulin secretion occurred progressively from 5 mmol/l glucose, reached(More)
Adiponectin is one of the most important adipocytokines secreted from adipose tissue. In addition to its effects on glucose and fatty acid metabolism, it has been reported that adiponectin has a direct growth-inhibitory effect on breast cancer cells. However, it still remains to be established how adiponectin affects cell cycle and apoptosis and whether or(More)
Paclitaxel is used widely in the treatment of breast cancer. Not all tumors respond to this drug, however, and the characteristics that distinguish resistant tumors from sensitive tumors are not well defined. Activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint is required for paclitaxel-induced cell death. We hypothesized that cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 1(More)
Mutations in the mitochondrial gene were recently identified in a large pedigree of diabetes mellitus and deafness. As the mitochondrial gene is maternally inherited, Japanese diabetic patients whose mothers were also diabetic were screened, using peripheral leucocytes, for an A to G transition at nucleotide pair 3243 of the mitochondrial gene, a(More)
Saturated fatty acids cause insulin resistance but the underlying molecular mechanism is still unknown. We examined the effect of saturated non-esterified fatty acids on insulin binding and action in transfected Rat-1 fibroblasts, which over-expressed human insulin receptors. Incubation with 1.0 mmol/l palmitate for 1–4 h did not affect insulin binding,(More)
PI(3,4,5)P3 produced by PI3-kinase seems to be a key mediator for insulin's metabolic actions. We have recently cloned rat SHIP2 cDNA which is abundantly expressed in target tissues of insulin. Here, we clarify the role of SHIP2 possessing 5'-phosphatase activity toward PI(3,4,5)P3 in insulin signalling in the skeletal muscle. The role of SHIP2 in(More)
To analyse the effect of ethylenediamine tetraacetate (EDTA) on tumour cell adhesiveness, fine structure of intercellular junctions of rat ascites hepatoma cells AH136B and AH7974 (both forming cell islands in vivo) was first compared. The close contact of the apical portion of both cell islands was composed of tight junctions with a narrow gap. The close(More)
Rat ascites hepatoma AH109A cells (present as a free form in vivo) can aggregate and then develop well-defined tripartite junctional complexes, including intermediate junctions, desmosomes and focal tight junctions, on incubation with a glycoprotein separated from rat ascites hepatoma AH136B cells (forming cell islnds in vivo). The development of binding(More)
A substance capable of inducing tumour cell aggregation, which is supposed to be a glycoprotein showing noncytotoxicity, was separated from rat ascites hepatoma cells and partially purified by chromatography. Adhesiveness of rat ascites hepatoma cells induced by this substance was characterized by gradual development of known binding structures during a(More)