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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by selective degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). The familial form of PD, PARK2, is caused by mutations in the parkin gene. parkin-knockout mouse models show some abnormalities, but they do not fully recapitulate the pathophysiology of human PARK2. Here, we(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the ubiquitin ligase parkin are the major cause of recessively inherited early-onset Parkinson disease (PD). Impairment of parkin activity caused by nitrosative or dopamine-related modifications may also be responsible for the loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in sporadic PD. Previous studies have shown that viral(More)
α-Synuclein (α-syn) is a key protein in Parkinson's disease (PD), and its abnormal accumulation is implicated only not in the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra but also in impairment of olfactory bulb (OB) in PD. Olfactory dysfunction could arise from these OB changes as an early symptom in PD. We reported previously the impairment of(More)
The present study was designed to elucidate the inflammatory and apoptotic mechanisms of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced neurotoxicity in a model of Parkinson's disease. Our results showed that mutant mice lacking the caspase-11 gene were significantly more resistant to the effects of acute treatment with MPTP than their(More)
The I93M mutation in ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCH-L1) was reported in one German family with autosomal dominant Parkinson's disease (PD). The causative role of the mutation has, however, been questioned. We generated transgenic (Tg) mice carrying human UCHL1 under control of the PDGF-B promoter; two independent lines were generated with the(More)
PURPOSE The aim was to identify the amyloid beta (Aβ) deposition by positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with the (18)F-labeled Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) derivative [(18)F]flutemetamol (FMM) across a spectrum of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to compare Aβ deposition between [(18)F]FMM and [(11)C]PIB PET imaging. METHODS The study included 36(More)
Pathological examination of dementia with Lewy bodies patients identified the presence of abnormal α-synuclein (αSyn) aggregates in the presynaptic terminals. αSyn is involved in the regulation of soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex. Importantly, αSyn-transgenic mouse and postmortem examination of patients(More)
It is well known that some psychiatric sequelae exist after CO poisoning, but few animal studies on serotonergic neuronal function after CO exposure have been carried out. We investigated the effects of successive carbon monoxide (CO) exposure (6000 ppm, 10 min, 3 repetitions) on serotonergic neuronal systems in rat brain. Serotonin (5-HT) concentrations(More)
Hyposmia is one of the characteristic symptoms of PD. We isolated the neurosphere forming cells (NSFCs) from the olfactory bulb (OB) after dopaminergic neuronal loss induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), which is a model of Parkinson's disease. We used BrdU to label dividing cells and isolated NSFCs from the OB of adult mice with(More)