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— A key goal in dextrous robotic hand grasping is to balance external forces and at the same time achieve grasp stability and minimum grasping energy by choosing an appropriate set of internal grasping forces. Since it appears that there is no direct algebraic optimization approach, a recursive optimization, which is adaptive for application in a dynamic(More)
We generalize the standard vehicle routing problem with time windows by allowing both traveling times and traveling costs to be time-dependent functions. In our algorithm, we use a local search to determine routes of the vehicles. When we evaluate a neighborhood solution, we must compute an optimal time schedule of each route. We show that this subproblem(More)
Below are the detailed computational results of our algorithm proposed in [3]. We conducted computational experiments to evaluate the proposed algorithm. The algorithm was coded in C and run on a PC (Xeon, 2.8 GHz, 1 GB memory). We used Solomon's benchmark instances [12] and Gehring and Homberger's benchmark instances [5]. As our algorithm deals with the(More)
Fucoxanthin, containing a carbonyl group in conjugation with its polyene backbone, is a naturally occurring pigment in marine organisms and is essential to the photosynthetic light-harvesting function in brown alga and diatom. Fucoxanthin exhibits optical characteristics attributed to an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) state that arises in polar(More)