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— A key goal in dextrous robotic hand grasping is to balance external forces and at the same time achieve grasp stability and minimum grasping energy by choosing an appropriate set of internal grasping forces. Since it appears that there is no direct algebraic optimization approach, a recursive optimization, which is adaptive for application in a dynamic(More)
OBJECTIVE Heme oxygenase (HO) is important in the defense against oxidative stress and as a factor in an antiatherogenic mechanism. Compared with long (GT)(n) repeats, short (GT)(n) repeats in the human HO-1 gene promoter were shown to have higher transcriptional activity in response to oxidative stress. There is a strong link between oxidative stress and(More)
We investigated the relation between positivity for hepatitis C virus (HCV) and carotid-artery plaque and carotid intima-media thickening by analysing cross-sectional data of individuals undergoing a general health screening test. Of 4784 individuals enrolled, 104 (2.2%) were seropositive for HCV. After adjustment for confounding risk factors, HCV(More)
AIMS To evaluate a series of synovial sarcomas arising in the abdomen, pelvic cavity, or retroperitoneum. Synovial sarcoma is rare within the abdomen. In this location, it can be confused with other biphasic tumours and with other spindle and round cell sarcomas. METHODS AND RESULTS Cases were retrieved from archives. There were 11 intra-abdominal tumours(More)
A link between certain infectious microorganisms and an increased risk of atherosclerotic disease has been suggested. By analyzing the data of subjects who had undergone general health-screening tests, a possible association between carotid atherosclerosis and seropositivity of antibody against hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been previously reported. In the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects on self rated health of individual income and income distribution in Japan. DESIGN Cross sectional analysis. Data collected on household income, self rated health, and other sociodemographic characteristics at the individual level from comprehensive survey of the living conditions of people on health and welfare in a(More)
The stability of the natural populations of fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci in raw sewage diluted 1:1,000 in seawater or phosphate-buffered water at 24 +/- 2 degrees C was markedly affected by the absence or presence of sunlight. In the absence of sunlight, these bacteria survived for days, whereas in the presence of sunlight 90% of the fecal(More)
—In this paper, a visual and haptic human-machine interface is proposed for teleoperated nano scale object interaction and manipulation. Design specifications for a bilateral scaled teleoperation system with slave and master robots, sensors, actuators, and control are discussed. Phantom T M haptic device is utilized as the master manipulator, and a(More)
AIMS Oxidative damage promotes atherosclerosis. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is an antioxidant enzyme localized in mitochondria. We investigated the associations of the MnSOD polymorphism (valine-to-alanine in the mitochondrial-targeting domain) with its activity in leukocytes, with macrophage apoptosis by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL),(More)