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— A key goal in dextrous robotic hand grasping is to balance external forces and at the same time achieve grasp stability and minimum grasping energy by choosing an appropriate set of internal grasping forces. Since it appears that there is no direct algebraic optimization approach, a recursive optimization, which is adaptive for application in a dynamic(More)
OBJECTIVE Heme oxygenase (HO) is important in the defense against oxidative stress and as a factor in an antiatherogenic mechanism. Compared with long (GT)(n) repeats, short (GT)(n) repeats in the human HO-1 gene promoter were shown to have higher transcriptional activity in response to oxidative stress. There is a strong link between oxidative stress and(More)
—In this paper, a visual and haptic human-machine interface is proposed for teleoperated nano scale object interaction and manipulation. Design specifications for a bilateral scaled teleoperation system with slave and master robots, sensors, actuators, and control are discussed. Phantom T M haptic device is utilized as the master manipulator, and a(More)
Differences in atherosclerotic profiles between patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) have not been studied. We retrospectively studied the clinical records of 343 consecutive patients (132 TAA and 211 AAA) who were admitted to our hospital for elective repair of aortic aneurysms between July 2001 and(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects on self rated health of individual income and income distribution in Japan. DESIGN Cross sectional analysis. Data collected on household income, self rated health, and other sociodemographic characteristics at the individual level from comprehensive survey of the living conditions of people on health and welfare in a(More)
BACKGROUND Serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL), which includes apolipoprotein A-I (apoAI-LDL) may be generated by oxidization in the serum of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We determine the utility of the serum apoAI-LDL level as a novel coronary risk factor. METHODS We measured serum apoAI-LDL in 473 consecutive patients who underwent(More)
The stability of the natural populations of fecal coliforms and fecal streptococci in raw sewage diluted 1:1,000 in seawater or phosphate-buffered water at 24 +/- 2 degrees C was markedly affected by the absence or presence of sunlight. In the absence of sunlight, these bacteria survived for days, whereas in the presence of sunlight 90% of the fecal(More)
Carotenoids containing a carbonyl group in conjugation with their polyene backbone are naturally-occurring pigments in marine organisms and are essential to the photosynthetic light-harvesting function in aquatic algae. These carotenoids exhibit spectral characteristics attributed to an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) state that arise in polar solvents(More)