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BACKGROUND The filamentous fungus T. reesei effectively degrades cellulose and is known to produce various cellulolytic enzymes such as beta-glucosidase, endoglucanase, and cellobiohydrolase. The expression levels of each cellulase are controlled simultaneously, and their ratios and synergetic effects are important for effective cellulose degradation.(More)
We reviewed basal ganglia (BG) dysfunction in Parkinson's disease (PD) based on recent findings on saccade performance. Hypometria in all saccade paradigms and impaired initiation of internally triggered saccades such as memory guided saccades (MGS) are reported, whereas visually guided saccades (VGS) are relatively spared, although they are also mildly(More)
Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (TS) is a neurobehavioral disorder. Although the etiology and the pathophysiology of TS are still unknown, the involvement of the basal ganglia has long been postulated. On the other hand, saccadic eye movement was shown to be a useful measure to assess order and disorder of the function of the basal ganglia. To investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Hydrolysis of cellulose requires the action of the cellulolytic enzymes endoglucanase, cellobiohydrolase and β-glucosidase. The expression ratios and synergetic effects of these enzymes significantly influence the extent and specific rate of cellulose degradation. In this study, using our previously developed method to optimize(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate where neurologists look when they view brain computed tomography (CT) images and to evaluate how they deploy their visual attention by comparing their gaze distribution with saliency maps. Brain CT images showing cerebrovascular accidents were presented to 12 neurologists and 12 control subjects. The subjects' ocular(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate abnormalities in visual scanning when Parkinson's disease patients view images of varying complexity. Eighteen nondemented Parkinson's disease patients and 18 normal subjects participated in the study. The ocular fixation position during viewing visual images was recorded using an eye-tracking device. The number(More)
  • Toshi Nagata, Christian Tamburini, Javier Arístegui, Federico Baltar, Alexander B Bochdansky, Serena Fonda-Umani +14 others
  • 2010
This paper synthesizes recent findings regarding microbial distributions and processes in the bathypelagic ocean (depth 4 1000 m). Abundance, production and respiration of prokaryotes reflect supplies of particulate and dissolved organic matter to the bathypelagic zone. Better resolution of carbon fluxes mediated by deep microbes requires further testing on(More)
Major risk factors associated with hypertension (a family history of hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hyperuricemia, and increased white blood cell counts) were assessed in 5275 Japanese male office workers aged 23-59 years. After controlling for potential risk factors of hypertension, the odds ratio of(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) regulate a wide variety of physiological processes and are important pharmaceutical targets for drug discovery. Here, we describe a unique concept based on yeast cell-surface display technology to selectively track eligible peptides with agonistic activity for human GPCRs (Cell Wall Trapping of Autocrine Peptides (CWTrAP)(More)
The aim of paper was to investigate abnormalities in visual scanning using an eye-tracking device with patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) and SCA31, pure cerebellar types of spinocerebellar degeneration. Nineteen SCA patients (12 patients with SCA6 and 7 patients with SCA31) and 19 normal subjects in total participated in the study. While(More)