Hideki Enokida

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Recent studies have shown that small noncoding RNAs, such as microRNAs and siRNAs, regulate gene expression at multiple levels including chromatin architecture, transcription, RNA editing, RNA stability, and translation. Each form of RNA-dependent regulation has been generally found to silence homologous sequences and collectively called RNAi. To further(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate protein-coding genes. To identify miRNAs that have a tumor suppressive function in bladder cancer (BC), 156 miRNAs were screened in 14 BCs, 5 normal bladder epithelium (NBE) samples and 3 BC cell lines. We identified a subset of 7 miRNAs (miR-145, miR-30a-3p, miR-133a, miR-133b, miR-195,(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs), noncoding RNAs 21-25 nucleotides in length, regulate gene expression primarily at the posttranscriptional level. Growing evidence suggests that miRNAs are aberrantly expressed in many human cancers, and that they play significant roles in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. A search for miRNAs with a tumor-suppressive function in(More)
PURPOSE Aberrant promoter hypermethylation of Wnt-antagonist genes contributes to the pathogenesis of several cancers. We hypothesized that combined methylation analysis of Wnt-antagonist genes could improve their use as a panel of biomarkers for diagnosing and staging of bladder cancers. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Samples (54 total) of bladder tumor and(More)
BACKGROUND On the base of the microRNA (miRNA) expression signature of bladder cancer (BC), we found that miR-1 and miR-133a were significantly downregulated in BC. In this study, we focussed on the functional significance of miR-1 and miR-133a in BC cell lines and identified a molecular network of these miRNAs. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the(More)
Based on the microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures of hypopharyngeal and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, we found that miR-1 was significantly down-regulated in cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the functional significance of miR-1 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells and identified miR-1-regulated novel cancer pathways.(More)
BACKGROUND We have recently identified down-regulated microRNAs including miR-145 and miR-133a in bladder cancer (BC). The aim of this study is to determine the genes targeted by miR-145, which is the most down-regulated microRNA in BC. METHODS We focused on fascin homologue 1 (FSCN1) from the gene expression profile in miR-145 transfectant. The(More)
PURPOSE Aberrant activation of the Wingless-type (Wnt) pathway plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of several human cancers. Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (Wif-1) was identified as one of the secreted antagonists that can bind Wnt protein. We hypothesize that Wif-1 plays an important role in bladder cancer pathogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To test this(More)
BACKGROUND Our recent analyses of miRNA expression signatures showed that miR-1 and miR-133a were significantly reduced in several types of cancer. Interestingly, miR-1 and miR-133a are located on the same chromosomal locus in the human genome. We examined the functional significance of miR-1 and miR-133a in prostate cancer (PCa) cells and identified the(More)
OBJECTIVE Genistein is a soy isoflavone that has antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. It has been shown that genistein inhibits many type of cancers including prostate cancer (PCa) by regulating several cell signaling pathways and microRNAs (miRNAs). Recent studies suggest that the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are also involved in many cellular(More)