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It is generally accepted that morphine exerts its analgesic effect by binding to specific opiate receptors in the brain and spinal cord. Since Hughes et al. isolated and identified two endogenous pentapeptides, Met- and Leu-enkephalin, from the brain and found that they acted as agonists at opiate receptors, alpha-, beta- and gamma-endorphins, larger(More)
Thymic large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs) are very rare. We here describe a case in which the tumor could be completely resected. A 55-year-old male was admitted to our hospital for treatment of an anterior mediastinal tumor found at a regular health check-up. The patient underwent an extended thymectomy of an invasive thymoma of Masaoka's stage(More)
The mechanisms through which hematopoietic cytokines accelerate revascularization are unknown. Here, we show that the magnitude of cytokine-mediated release of SDF-1 from platelets and the recruitment of nonendothelial CXCR4+ VEGFR1+ hematopoietic progenitors, 'hemangiocytes,' constitute the major determinant of revascularization. Soluble Kit-ligand(More)
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatories are known to suppress incidence and progression of malignancies including colorectal cancers. However, the precise mechanism of this action remains unknown. Using prostaglandin (PG) receptor knockout mice, we have evaluated a role of PGs in tumor-associated angiogenesis and tumor growth, and identified PG receptors involved.(More)
Anatomical systems are organized through a network of structural and functional relationships among their elements. This network of relationships is the result of evolution, it represents the actual target of selection, and it generates the set of rules orienting and constraining the morphogenetic processes. Understanding the relationship among cranial and(More)
PURPOSE The spontaneously epileptic rat (SER: tm/tm, zi/zi) shows both absence-like seizures and tonic convulsions. Our previous electrophysiologic studies have demonstrated that SER has abnormal excitability of hippocampal CA3 neurons, which shows a long-lasting depolarization shift by a single stimulation of mossy fibers, probably resulting from the Ca2+(More)
We studied pharmacologic profiles of KRH-594, dipotassium (Z)-2-[[5-ethyl-3-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl-1,3,4 -thiadiazolin-2-ylidene]aminocarbonyl]-1-cyclopentenecarb oxylate, a novel angiotensin II (AII)-receptor antagonist. KRH-594 potently displaced specific binding of [125I]-AII from AT1 receptor with a Ki of 0.39 nM in rat liver(More)
The effects of F III-2-b (Agaricus blazei Murill polysaccharide) with or without 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) on immune responses were investigated in Meth A tumor-bearing and normal mice. The i.p. administration of F III-2-b (10 mg/kg/day x 30) moderately inhibited the growth of Meth A tumor cells implanted s.c. in mice. Development of implanted tumors was(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are known to suppress the occurrence and progression of malignancies such as colorectal cancers. However, the precise mechanism of these actions remains unknown. We have evaluated the role of an inducible cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2) in tumor-associated angiogenesis and tumor growth, and identified the downstream molecules(More)