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SIR2 proteins have NAD(+)-dependent histone deacetylase activity, but no metabolic role has been assigned to any of these proteins. In Salmonella enterica, SIR2 function was required for activity of the acetyl-CoA synthetase (Acs) enzyme. A greater than two orders of magnitude increase in the specific activity of Acs enzyme synthesized by a(More)
• The cadmium (Cd) over-accumulating rice (Oryza sativa) cv Cho-Ko-Koku was previously shown to have an enhanced rate of root-to-shoot Cd translocation. This trait is controlled by a single recessive allele located at qCdT7. • In this study, using positional cloning and transgenic strategies, heavy metal ATPase 3 (OsHMA3) was identified as the gene that(More)
The heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is highly toxic to humans and can enter food chains from contaminated crop fields. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of Cd accumulation in crop species will aid production of safe Cd-free food. Here, we identified a single recessive gene that allowed higher Cd translocation in rice, and also determined the chromosomal(More)
The cyclic loadings during mastication supposedly accelerate degradation of soft lining materials. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cyclic loading on viscoelastic properties of soft lining materials. Two plasticized acrylics, two silicones and one isoprene-based monomer contained elastomer were selected. Cylindrical-shaped(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of degradation of a denture base resin on bond strength to relining resins. Denture base resin specimens were immersed under various conditions to simulate degradation. Tensile bond strength of denture base resin after immersion to relining resins was measured with or without surface grinding. The bond(More)
KRAS mutations are a major cause of drug resistance to molecular-targeted therapies. Aberrant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling may cause dysregulation of microRNA (miRNA) and gene regulatory networks, which leads to cancer initiation and progression. To address the functional relevance of miRNAs in mutant KRAS cancers, we transfected(More)
Non-long terminal repeat (non-LTR) retrotransposons, most of which carry two open reading frames (ORFs), are abundant mobile elements that are distributed widely among eukaryotes. ORF2 encodes enzymatic domains, such as reverse transcriptase, that are conserved in all retroelements, but the functional roles of ORF1 in vivo are little understood. We show(More)
We are interested in elucidating the molecular mechanisms underlying plant reactions to the toxic heavy metal cadmium (Cd). To this end, we devised a new screening strategy using agar plates with a gradient of Cd concentrations, termed Cd-gradient agar plates (CGAPs), to isolate Arabidopsis mutants that displayed altered reactions to the metal. Arabidopsis(More)
Metabolic enzymes rarely regulate informational processes like gene expression. Yeast acetyl-CoA synthetases (Acs1p and 2p) are exceptional, as they are important not only for carbon metabolism but also are shown here to supply the acetyl-CoA for histone acetylation by histone acetyltransferases (HATs). acs2-Ts mutants exhibit global histone deacetylation,(More)