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1. The effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists on excitatory transmission at mossy fibre-CA3 synapses were studied in rat hippocampal slice preparations using both extracellular and whole-cell clamp recording techniques. 2. Application of a novel and potent mGluR2/mGluR3-specific agonist(More)
1. Neuropharmacological actions of a novel metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, (2S,1'R,2'R,3'R)-2(2,3-dicarboxycyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV), were examined in the isolated spinal cord of the newborn rat, and compared with those of the established agonists of (2S,1'S,2'S)-2-(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (L-CCG-I) or(More)
The electrophysiological action of (2S,1'R;2'R,3'R)-2-(2,3-dicarboxycyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV) on the NMDA receptor was investigated with the help of concentration-jump experiments on freshly dissociated hippocampal CA1 and CA3 neurons of rats. Inward currents elicited by a pulse of DCG-IV were insensitive to 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX)(More)
1. Neuropharmacological actions of all possible-state isomers of alpha-(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (CCG), conformationally restricted analogues of glutamate, were examined for electrophysiological effects in the isolated spinal cord of the newborn rat. 2. Eight CCG stereoisomers demonstrated a large variety of depolarizing activities. Among them, the (2R,(More)
The effects of several diastereoisomers of L-2-(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (CCG) on L-glutamate uptake were compared among three different preparations, glial plasmalemmal vesicles (GPV), synaptosomes and cultured astrocytes from rat hippocampus. The (2S,3S,4R)-isomer (L-CCG-III) inhibited a Na(+)-dependent high-affinity L-glutamate uptake in GPV and(More)
Axonal transport of peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase (PAM) activity was studied in rat sciatic nerves from 12 to 120 h after double ligations. The anterograde axonal transport increased and reached a plateau between 48 and 72 h and then decreased. The flow rate was 100 mm/day, and the molecular mass of the active entity was 70 kDa, which was(More)
1. The effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) activation on synaptic inhibition were examined using whole-cell recordings of spontaneous and miniature inhibitory synaptic currents from CA3 pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slices. 2. The mGluR agonist (1S,3R)trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (tACPD) increased spontaneous IPSC(More)
Modulation of Ca2+ channels by metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) was investigated in cerebellar granule cells using the cell-attached configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Experiments were performed in the absence of external Ca2+ and Ba2+ was used as charge carrier. Bath applied glutamate or (1S,3R) trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic(More)
Actions of quisqualic acid on the crayfish neuromuscular junction were examined and compared with those of glutamate. The glutamate and quisqualate currents were induced in the voltage-clamped muscle. When their peak amplitudes were plotted against the current intensity of iontophoretically applied drugs, the hyperbola resulted. The amplitude of the maximum(More)
Trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid, a mixed agonist of all metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes, is known to produce either neurotoxic or neuroprotective effects. We have therefore hypothesized that individual mGluR subtypes differentially affect neurodegenerative processes. Selective agonists of subtypes which belong to mGluR class(More)