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Reversible interactions between cytosolic proteins and membrane lipids such as phosphoinositides play important roles in membrane morphogenesis driven by actin polymerization. In this paper, we identify a novel lipid-binding module, which we call the SYLF domain (after the SH3YL1, Ysc84p/Lsb4p, Lsb3p, and plant FYVE proteins that contain it), that is highly(More)
In-cell NMR is an isotope-aided multi-dimensional NMR technique that enables observations of conformations and functions of proteins in living cells at the atomic level. This method has been successfully applied to proteins overexpressed in bacteria, providing information on protein-ligand interactions and conformations. However, the application of in-cell(More)
Neurodegeneration correlates with Alzheimer's disease (AD) symptoms, but the molecular identities of pathogenic amyloid β-protein (Aβ) oligomers and their targets, leading to neurodegeneration, remain unclear. Amylospheroids (ASPD) are AD patient-derived 10- to 15-nm spherical Aβ oligomers that cause selective degeneration of mature neurons. Here, we show(More)
Members of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) family can be covalently attached to the lysine residue of a target protein through an enzymatic pathway similar to that used in ubiquitin conjugation, and are involved in various cellular events that do not rely on degradative signalling via the proteasome or lysosome. However, little is known about the(More)
IDEAL, Intrinsically Disordered proteins with Extensive Annotations and Literature (http://www.ideal.force.cs.is.nagoya-u.ac.jp/IDEAL/), is a collection of knowledge on experimentally verified intrinsically disordered proteins. IDEAL contains manual annotations by curators on intrinsically disordered regions, interaction regions to other molecules,(More)
IDEAL (Intrinsically Disordered proteins with Extensive Annotations and Literature, http://www.ideal.force.cs.is.nagoya-u.ac.jp/IDEAL/) is a collection of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) that cannot adopt stable globular structures under physiological conditions. Since its previous publication in 2012, the number of entries in IDEAL has almost(More)
PEX1 is a type II AAA-ATPase that is indispensable for biogenesis and maintenance of the peroxisome, an organelle responsible for the primary metabolism of lipids, such as beta-oxidation and lipid biosynthesis. Recently, we demonstrated a striking structural similarity between its N-terminal domain and those of other membrane-related AAA-ATPases, such as(More)
Most proteins from higher organisms are known to be multi-domain proteins and contain substantial numbers of intrinsically disordered (ID) regions. To analyse such protein sequences, those from human for instance, we developed a special protein-structure-prediction pipeline and accumulated the products in the Structure Atlas of Human Genome (SAHG) database(More)
In-cell NMR is an application of solution NMR that enables the investigation of protein conformations inside living cells. We have measured in-cell NMR spectra in oocytes from the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis. (15)N-labeled ubiquitin, its derivatives and calmodulin were injected into Xenopus oocytes and two-dimensional (1)H-(15)N correlation spectra(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) that lack stable conformations and are highly flexible have attracted the attention of biologists. Therefore, the development of a systematic method to identify polypeptide regions that are unstructured in solution is important. We have designed an "indirect/reflected" detection system for evaluating the(More)