Hidekazu Hiroaki

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Members of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) family can be covalently attached to the lysine residue of a target protein through an enzymatic pathway similar to that used in ubiquitin conjugation, and are involved in various cellular events that do not rely on degradative signalling via the proteasome or lysosome. However, little is known about the(More)
Myeloid differentiating factor 88 (MyD88) and MyD88 adaptor-like (Mal) are adaptor molecules critically involved in the Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling pathway. While Mal has been proposed to serve as a membrane-sorting adaptor, MyD88 mediates signal transduction from activated TLR4 to downstream components. The Toll/Interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain(More)
The phox (phagocyte oxidase) homology (PX) domain occurs in the mammalian phox proteins p40(phox) and p47(phox), the polarity establishment protein Bem1p in budding yeast, and a variety of proteins involved in membrane trafficking. Here we show that the PX domains of p40(phox) and p47(phox) directly bind to phosphoinositides: p40(phox) prefers Ptdlns(3)P,(More)
Protein-phosphoinositide interaction participates in targeting proteins to membranes where they function correctly and is often modulated by phosphorylation of lipids. Here we show that protein phosphorylation of p47(phox), a cytoplasmic activator of the microbicidal phagocyte oxidase (phox), elicits interaction of p47(phox) with phosphoinositides. Although(More)
In-cell NMR is an isotope-aided multi-dimensional NMR technique that enables observations of conformations and functions of proteins in living cells at the atomic level. This method has been successfully applied to proteins overexpressed in bacteria, providing information on protein-ligand interactions and conformations. However, the application of in-cell(More)
Katanin p60 (kp60), a microtubule-severing enzyme, plays a key role in cytoskeletal reorganization during various cellular events in an ATP-dependent manner. We show that a single domain isolated from the N terminus of mouse katanin p60 (kp60-NTD) binds to tubulin. The solution structure of kp60-NTD was determined by NMR. Although their sequence(More)
The ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain is one of the most frequently occurring motifs that recognize ubiquitin tags. Dsk2p, a UBA-containing protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is involved in the ubiquitin-proteasome proteolytic pathway and has been implicated in spindle pole duplication. Here we present the solution structure of the UBA domain of Dsk2p(More)
IDEAL, Intrinsically Disordered proteins with Extensive Annotations and Literature (http://www.ideal.force.cs.is.nagoya-u.ac.jp/IDEAL/), is a collection of knowledge on experimentally verified intrinsically disordered proteins. IDEAL contains manual annotations by curators on intrinsically disordered regions, interaction regions to other molecules,(More)
Ubiquitination, a modification in which single or multiple ubiquitin molecules are attached to a protein, serves as a signalling function that controls a wide variety of cellular processes. To date, two major forms of polyubiquitin chain have been functionally characterized, in which the isopeptide bond linkages involve Lys48 or Lys63. Lys48-linked(More)
Peroxisomes are responsible for several pathways in primary metabolism, including beta-oxidation and lipid biosynthesis. PEX1 and PEX6 are hexameric AAA-type ATPases, both of which are indispensable in targeting over 50 peroxisomal resident proteins from the cytosol to the peroxisomes. Although the tandem AAA-ATPase domains in the central region of PEX1 and(More)