Hidekazu Fujimaki

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It is suspected that exposure to low levels of formaldehyde induces or aggravates airway inflammation mediated by immunological and neurological reactions. To clarify the effect of this exposure on allergic inflammatory responses, we exposed female C3H/He mice to 0, 80, 400, or 2000ppb formaldehyde for 12 weeks. When mice were immunized with ovalbumin (OVA)(More)
Humans are exposed to nanoparticles (NPs; diameter < 100 nm) from ambient air and certain workplaces. There are two main types of NPs; combustion-derived NPs (e.g., particulate matters, diesel exhaust particles, welding fumes) and manufactured or engineered NPs (e.g., titanium dioxide, carbon black, carbon nanotubes, silver, zinc oxide, copper oxide).(More)
Chemical susceptibility is triggered by a large range of chemicals present both indoors and outdoors including pesticides, cleaning products, perfumes, scented products and cigarette smoke. Health risk after chemical exposure depends on age, sex, genetic factors, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, and environmental factors. Toluene is one of volatile(More)
Ambient air ultrafine particles (UFPs) have gained enormous attention to many researchers with recent evidence showing them to have more hazardous effects on human health than larger ambient particles. Studies focusing the possibility of effects on brain are quite limited. To examine the effect of ultrafine carbon black (ufCB) on mice brain, we instilled(More)
Recently, there have been increasing reports that nano-sized component of particulate matter can reach the brain and may be associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Previously, our laboratory has studied the effect of intranasal instillation of nano-sized carbon black (CB) (14 nm and 95 nm) on brain cytokine and chemokine mRNA expressions and found that(More)
In this present study, we aimed to investigate the extracellular glutamate level and memory function-related gene expression in the mouse olfactory bulb after exposure of the animals to nanoparticle-rich diesel exhaust (NRDE) with or without bacterial cell wall component. Lipoteichoic acid (LTA), a cell wall component derived from Staphylococcus aureus, was(More)
To clarify the relationship between air pollutants and IgE antibody production, interleukin 4 (IL-4) production was investigated in BALB/c mice intratracheally injected with diesel exhaust particulates (DEP) mixed with antigen (Ovalbumin (OA) or Japanese Cedar Pollen (JCP)). BALB/c mice were injected with DEP plus OA or OA alone three times with a 3-week(More)
We examine the effect on the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA) axis of prolonged exposure to low levels of formaldehyde in female C3H/He mice, using immunocytochemical and RT-PCR methods. Two groups of female mice were exposed to differing concentrations (0, 80, 400, 2000 ppb) of formaldehyde inhalation for 16 h/day, 5 days/week, for 12 weeks. The(More)
To investigate cytokine production stimulated by diesel exhaust particulates (DEP) and antigen through the intranasal route, mice were administered with DEP mixed with ovalbumin (OA) 3 times at an interval of 3 weeks. After the last instillation, cervical lymph node cells (LNC) were cultured in vitro with OA and antigen-presenting cells. The proliferative(More)
Our previous study showed that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) exposure of NC/Nga mice, a mouse model of atopic dermatitis, induces no dermal changes. In the present study, to investigate whether TCDD exacerbates atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions elicited in NC/Nga mice, NC/Nga mice were applied with picryl chloride (PC), and then were exposed(More)