Hidekatsu Yokoyama

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Although studies have indicated a close relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures, the role of NO in seizures is not fully understood. Here, we quantified NO levels in the brain of KA-treated mice using EPR spectrometry to elucidate the role of NO in KA-induced seizures. KA was administered to mice with or without(More)
Kainic acid (KA) induces seizures and degeneration in CA1 of the ventral hippocampus, though its mechanism of action is unknown. We used KA to induce seizures in freely moving rats prepared for in vivo microdialysis with probe placement, and then measured extracellular glutamate with an online fluorometric detector. Generation of free radicals was monitored(More)
We used northern and western blotting to measure the quantity of glutamate and GABA transporters mRNA and their proteins within the hippocampal tissue of rats with epileptogenesis. Chronic seizures were induced by amygdalar injection of kainic acid 60 days before death. We found that expression of the mRNA and protein of the glial glutamate transporters(More)
In vivo L-band electron spin resonance (ESR) system was used to measure the decay of nitroxide radicals in the living rat cerebrum containing a cortical area with an iron-induced epileptogenic region. Carbamoyl-PROXYL (3-carbamoyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-1-pyrrolinyloxy) was injected intraperitoneally. The decay of nitroxide radicals in the iron-injected(More)
In this experiment, we used direct electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra to measure lipid peroxidation by hydroxyl radical (.OH), nitric oxide (.NO) and lipid radical (.L). NMDA-receptor associated lipid peroxidation is thought to act through .OH in induction of neurotoxicity. The origin of .OH generation was found to arise mainly from peroxynitrite(More)
We report direct electron spin resonance (ESR) evidence of extracellular free radical formation during kainic acid-induced seizures obtained using in vivo brain microdialysis in freely moving rats. Saline solution containing the spin trap agent alpha-(4-pyridyl-N-oxide)-N-tert-butylnitrone was perfused through the hippocampus. ESR analysis of the dialysate(More)
Recently, novel applications of the nitroxide radicals have been proposed as antioxidant and anti-cancer agents. In view of the significance of nitroxide radical as a potential pharmaceutical agent for various applications in biological systems, it will be important to investigate further whether nitroxide radicals have a neurotoxicity or not. Blood-brain(More)
We fabricated a Pt-disk microelectrode (diameter 30 microns) to conduct differential double-pulse amperometry (first step: 750 mV, 1 s; second step: 1,100 mV, 1 s) to detect hydrogen peroxide in the brain of a freely moving animal. This measurement determined hydrogen peroxide (detection limit, 0.03 microM) without any observable influence from other(More)
Recently, we developed an in vivo temporal electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) imaging technique to be applied to the brain of a rat, into which a blood-brain barrier (BBB)-permeable nitroxide radical, 3-methoxycarbonyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl (PCAM) was injected intraperitoneally. This imaging technique made it possible to measure decay(More)