Hidekatsu Yokoyama

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Although studies have indicated a close relationship between nitric oxide (NO) and kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures, the role of NO in seizures is not fully understood. Here, we quantified NO levels in the brain of KA-treated mice using EPR spectrometry to elucidate the role of NO in KA-induced seizures. KA was administered to mice with or without(More)
Kainic acid (KA) induces seizures and degeneration in CA1 of the ventral hippocampus, though its mechanism of action is unknown. We used KA to induce seizures in freely moving rats prepared for in vivo microdialysis with probe placement, and then measured extracellular glutamate with an online fluorometric detector. Generation of free radicals was monitored(More)
PURPOSE To develop new methods that can estimate the influences of manufactured nanomaterials on biological systems, the in vivo pulmonary reducing ability of mice that had received inhalation exposures to NiO or C60 nanoparticles was investigated using a 700 MHz electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometer. MATERIALS AND METHODS NiO or C60(More)
BACKGROUND A nitroxide radical, 4-hydroxyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-1-oxyl (TEMPOL), is directly reduced to hydroxylamine by ascorbic acid (AsA). Ascorbic acid is oxidized to dehydroascorbic acid (DHA) by ascorbic acid oxidase (AAOx), and DHA is reduced to AsA by glutathione (GSH). In the present study, in vivo and ex vivo reduction of TEMPOL in the rat(More)
Superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) is an important antioxidative enzyme that protects skin from oxidative stress. SOD1 −/− mice with a genetic background of b129Sv mice showed facial skin damage after 15 weeks of age. Eyelid swelling occurred as the initial symptom and caused impairment by triggering self-scratching. The period required for wound healing in the(More)
The case of a 22-year-old female suffering from glioblastoma with sarcomatous component (WHO; gliosarcoma) is presented. The tumor consisted of glioblastomatous and sarcomatouos components, and in part of the pleomorphic astrocytomatous region of the glioblastoma there was a prominent production of myxoid matrix. On the basis of its histochemical and(More)
In vivo temporal EPR imaging was conducted on the brain of rats that received one of two kinds of blood-brain barrier-permeable nitroxide radicals via the tail vein-one is a water-soluble 3-hydroxymethyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl (hydroxymethyl-PROXYL); and the other is a non-water-soluble 3-methoxycarbonyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl(More)
We evaluated the anti-oxidant property of zonisamide (ZNS) in the rat brain under freely moving conditions by means of in vivo microdialysis of two exogenous nitroxide radicals, 3-carbamoyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl (carbamoyl-PROXYL) and 3-methoxy carbonyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidine-1-oxyl (PCAM). Time-dependent changes in the signal(More)
A rat model for human minimal change nephropathy was obtained by the intravenous injection of adriamycin (ADR) at 5 mg/kg. By using an in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometer operating at 700 MHz, the temporal changes in signal intensities of a nitroxide radical, 4-hydroxyl-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPOL), in the kidneys of(More)
The flexible surface-coil-type resonator (FSCR) operating in a 700 MHz microwave electron spin resonance (ESR) system was applied to measure the nitroxide radicals at a specific area in rats. The FSCR was composed of a single-turn coil with a diameter of 5 mm and two flexible coaxial lines of 450 mm in length. For an endoscope-like application, the FSCR was(More)