Hidekatsu Mizushima

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This 8-year-old boy presented with a rare case of epidural hematoma of the clivus and atlantoaxial dislocation caused by a hyperflexion injury sustained in a traffic accident. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated an epidural hematoma in the posterior fossa that compressed the pons and medulla. On admission, the patient was confused and had bilateral(More)
We have demonstrated that ischemic neuronal death (apoptosis) of rat CA1 region of the hippocampus was prevented by infusing pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) either intracerebroventricularly or intravenously. We have also demonstrated that the activity of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase family members, including ERK(More)
The cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in ischemic brain damage, because the IL-1 receptor antagonist markedly inhibits experimentally induced neuronal loss. However, to date, no studies have demonstrated the involvement of endogenous IL-1alpha and IL- 1beta in neurodegeneration. We report here, for the first time, that mice lacking(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) controls the exchange of peptides and regulatory proteins between the central nervous system (CNS) and the blood. Transport across the BBB of such regulatory substances is altered in animal models of Alzheimer's disease. These alterations could lead to cognitive impairments or diminish their therapeutic potential. Here, we(More)
Transient global ischemia caused by 5 min of cardiac arrest induced delayed neuronal cell death (apoptosis) in the CA1 region of the rat hippocampus. To characterize the molecular mechanisms that regulate apoptosis in vivo, the contributions to cell death of mitogen-activated protein kinase family members were examined in the hippocampal region after brain(More)
We examined the localization of the pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating peptide (PACAP) receptor (PAC1-R) and its mRNA with immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization, respectively. PAC1-R immunoreactivity and its transcript were detected in both chromaffin cells and ganglion cells but not detected in the adrenal cortex. In addition, strong PAC1-R(More)
Time-dependent changes in peptide transport system (PTS-6), which transports the 38 amino acid pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB), were studied in mice in a cardiac arrest model. The permeability of the BSCB to radioactivity labeled I131 showed a reversible(More)
Several studies have reported that the PAC(1) receptor (PAC1-R), the specific receptor for PACAP, is expressed at early developmental stages. Here, we describe that the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) was increased by PACAP, but not VIP, in a concentration range from 10(-12) to 10(-8) M via the PAC(1)-R in isolated single cells from the rat(More)
Both leptin and orexin have been recently discovered as peptides involved in feeding regulation. The morphological evidence of neural interaction between leptin and orexin, one considered to inhibit food intake and the other to stimulate it in the central nervous system (CNS), was studied by use of double immunostaining method. The leptin receptor-like(More)
BACKGROUND Distal aneurysms of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) are rare. Most have been located at the cerebellopontine angle. Only three cases, including ours, located in the medial branch of the AICA have been reported in the literature. METHODS A 55-year-old female presented with epilepsy that she experienced for the first time. Computed(More)