Hideho Arita

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The activity of respiratory neurons in the caudal part of the nucleus retroambigualis (NRA) was recorded intracellularly in decerebrated, spontaneously breathing cats. Spinal projections of these neurons were determined by antidromic stimulation at the C3 segment. A high concentration of bulbospinal expiratory (BS-E) neurons was identified in the caudal(More)
Several clinical reports have indicated that autistic patients often show disturbance of the circadian rhythm, which may be related to dysfunction of the serotonergic system in the brain. Using rats exposed prenatally to valproic acid (VPA) as an animal model of autism, we examined locomotor activity and feeding under a reversed 12-h light/dark cycle, and(More)
Yawning was evoked by electrical or chemical stimulation in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of anesthetized, spontaneously breathing rats. To evaluate physiological aspects of yawning, we monitored polygraphic measures as follows; a coordinated motor pattern of yawning was assessed by monitoring breathing [intercostal electromyogram (EMG)], mouth opening(More)
The present study re-evaluated an existing notion that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) could not cross the brain to the circulating blood via the blood-brain barrier (BBB). To elevate brain 5-HT alone, 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP; 30-75 mg/kg) was administrated intravenously to anaesthetized rats that had undergone gastrointestinal and kidney(More)
Using liquid membrane pH microelectrodes, we evaluated rapid and transient changes in extracellular fluid (ECF) pH within the medulla during vertebral artery injections of CO2-saturated saline (0.5 ml) in anesthetized (Dial-urethane), spontaneously breathing cats. We found intramedullary regions where ECF pH shifted to the acid side in the time course(More)
The activity of medullary neurons (146 units) with non-phasic discharges was recorded extracellularly in decerebrated, spontaneously breathing cats. The firing rate changes were studied during injections of 100% CO2-saturated saline into the vertebral artery and into the carotid artery. Thirty-nine of the 146 units were excited by the vertebral artery(More)
To gain insight into the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in Zen meditation, we evaluated the effects of focused attention (FA) on breathing movements in the lower abdomen (Tanden) in novices. We investigated hemodynamic changes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), an attention-related brain region, using 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy during a(More)
Yawing was induced by microinjections of L-glutamate, cyanide and a nitric oxide-releasing compound (NOC12) into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) in anesthetized, spontaneously breathing rats. To evaluate physiological aspects of yawning, we monitored intercostal electromyogram (EMG) as an index of inspiratory activity, digastric EMG,(More)
To gain insight into the neurophysiological mechanisms involved in Zen meditation, we evaluated the effects of abdominal (Tanden) breathing in novices. We investigated hemodynamic changes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), an ttention-related brain region, using 24-channel near-infrared spectroscopy during a 20-munite session of Tanden breathing in 15 healthy(More)
Several clinical reports have suggested that there is a hyperactivation of the dopaminergic system in people with autism. Using rats exposed prenatally to valproic acid (VPA) as an animal model of autism, we measured dopamine (DA) levels in samples collected from the frontal cortex (FC) using in vivo microdialysis and HPLC. The basal DA level in FC was(More)