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We have previously used single-cell assays in a phytochrome-deficient tomato mutant to demonstrate that phytochrome signaling involves heterotrimeric G proteins, calcium, and calmodulin. While G protein activation could stimulate full chloroplast development and anthocyanin pigment biosynthesis, calcium and calmodulin could not induce anthocyanins and were(More)
Cucumisin is a thermostable alkaline serine protease that is found in the juice of melon fruits (Cucumis melo L.). We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of a cucumisin cDNA (2,552 nucleotides) and deduced the corresponding amino acid sequence. The open reading frame of the cDNA consists of 731 codons and encodes a large precursor (molecular(More)
From the soybean cDNA library, we isolated and analyzed the chlH gene encoding a subunit of Mg-chelatase. The subunit was a polypeptide of 1,383 amino acids with a molecular mass of 153,491 Da, which shared 90% identity with the olive gene from Antirrhinum majus. The regulation of the expression of chlH was investigated in photomix-otrophic soybean(More)
Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic analysis of the starchy endosperm protein of rice (Oryza sativa L. Japonica cv Koshihikari) during seed development confirmed that storage protein begins to accumulate about 5 days after flowering. Two polypeptide groups, 22 to 23 and 37 to 39 kilodaltons, the components of glutelin, the major(More)
We scanned throughout chromosome 21 to assess genetic associations with late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD) using 374 Japanese patients and 375 population-based controls, because trisomy 21 is known to be associated with early deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the brain. Among 417 markers spanning 33 Mb, 22 markers showed associations with either the(More)
Three signal transduction pathways, dependent on cGMP and/or calcium, are utilized by phytochrome to control the expression of genes required for chloroplast development and anthocyanin biosynthesis in plant cells. For example, chs is controlled by a cGMP-dependent pathway, cab is controlled by a calcium-dependent pathway, and fnr is regulated by a pathway(More)
The plant photoreceptor phytochrome A utilizes three signal transduction pathways, dependent upon calcium and/or cGMP, to activate genes in the light. In this report, we have studied the phytochrome A regulation of a gene that is down-regulated by light, asparagine synthetase (AS1). We show that AS1 is expressed in the dark and repressed in the light.(More)
Gene amplification using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was carried out on DNA samples from a total of 92 normal subjects and 52 subjects with myotonic dystrophy (DM) from European and Japanese populations, to determine the copy number of the CTG repeat associated with DM for each group. In the two populations, the number of repeats on normal chromosomes(More)
The gene coding for the heat-stable and pH-stable alpha-amylase of Bacillus licheniformis 584 (ATCC 27811) was cloned in Escherichia coli and the nucleotide sequence of a DNA fragment of 1,948 base pairs containing the entire amylase gene was determined. As inferred from the DNA sequence, the B. licheniformis alpha-amylase had a signal peptide of 29 amino(More)