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We scanned throughout chromosome 21 to assess genetic associations with late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD) using 374 Japanese patients and 375 population-based controls, because trisomy 21 is known to be associated with early deposition of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the brain. Among 417 markers spanning 33 Mb, 22 markers showed associations with either the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is associated with the hippocampus and the nigrostriatal dopaminergic function. Data showing that its level was reduced in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) suggested that the BDNF function must play an important role in the pathogenetics of these diseases. Indeed, variation in the(More)
A total of 45 different mutations of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) were identified in 145 of 219 Japanese patients with typical or atypical Rett syndrome (RTT) (66.2%). A missense mutation, T158M was the most common mutation of MECP2, identified in 22 (19.1%) patients, followed by four nonsense mutations, R168X (14.8%), R270X (13.0%), R255X(More)
About 80% of female patients with Rett syndrome (RTT) display a mutation in the methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene, but most males with MECP2 mutation experience severe fatal encephalopathy or non-specific X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). The existence of male RTT has been extensively discussed. We report herein a boy with classic RTT in a family(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a complex multifactorial disease in which many genetic and environmental factors are involved. We performed an association study using 376 AD patients and 376 control subjects. We studied 35 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 35 genes that were significantly downregulated or upregulated only in the AD hippocampus compared with(More)
Lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase (LCK) is a lymphoid-specific, Src family protein tyrosine kinase that is known to play a pivotal role in T-cell activation and interact with the T-cell coreceptors, CD4 and CD8. It has been shown to be significantly down-regulated in Alzheimer disease (AD) hippocampus compared with non-demented controls.(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked dominant neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by regression in cognition and adaptability with autistic behavior, stereotypical hand movements, epilepsy and ataxia. Over 120 different mutations in the methyl-CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) have been reported in patients with RTT, but a genotype-phenotype(More)
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked severe neurodevelopmental disorder mostly affecting female and is mainly caused by mutations of methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 gene (MECP2). MECP2, which has a crucial role for transcriptional repression and chromatin remodeling, consists of methyl-CpG binding domain (MBD) and transcriptional repression domain (TRD).(More)
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