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Medulloblastomas represent 20% of malignant brain tumors of childhood. Although, they show multiple, non-random genomic alterations, no common, early genetic event involving all histologic types of medulloblastomas have been described. Nineteen medulloblastomas were analyzed using chromosomal comparative genomic hybridization (cCGH). Nine tumors with the(More)
INTRODUCTION Pathogenic mutations in the OPA1 gene are the most common identifiable cause of autosomal dominant optic atrophy (DOA), which is characterized by selective retinal ganglion cell loss, a distinctive pattern of temporal pallor of the optic nerve and a typical color vision deficit, with variable effects on visual acuity. Haploinsufficiency has(More)
Hemangioblastomas (HBs) account for nearly a tenth of all posterior fossa neoplasms and can be the presenting finding in patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome. HB must be differentiated from renal cell carcinoma (RCC), also seen in VHL, as the distinction between these lesions dictates the management of these patients. Currently inhibin A and RCC(More)
Chordoma originates from embryonic notochordal remnants in the midline along the spinal axis and is characterized by cords and lobules of neoplastic cells arranged within myxoid matrix. Because of histologic similarities with myxoid matrix and overlapping immunohistochemical profile, chondrosarcoma, myxopapillary ependymoma, and chordoid meningioma enter in(More)
Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is a well-recognized phenomenon. Meningioma is the most common intracranial host tumor, with the breast and lung being the most common primary sites. We report herein two such cases of metastasis from pulmonary adenocarcinoma and malignant melanoma (MM) of vulva, respectively. Case 1: a 69-year-old female smoker who had a history(More)
Three cases of cerebral phaeohyphomycosis are described. Two cases (Cases 1, 2) are caused by highly neurotropic fungi, Cladophialophora bantiana, and the other one (Case 3) is the first reported case in the United States, caused by the newly defined Fonsecaea monophora. (Case 1): A 65-year-old woman had been treated for a presumed diagnosis of(More)
Smoking is linked to atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease (CHD) in older adults. However, evidence that smoking affects coronary atherosclerosis in young people is incomplete. The Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth (PDAY) Study collected arteries, blood, and other tissues from persons 15 to 34 years of age dying of external(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the major pancreatic tumor and carries an extremely poor prognosis. Coexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the HER-2 oncoprotein has been reported to be related to the invasion and an adverse clinical outcome of human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas. HER-2 amplification, as determined by(More)
Immunohistochemistry (IHC) has become an important adjunct tool in diagnostic neuro-oncology practice enabling immunophenotypic characterization of tumor cells. There have been several recent publications regarding new IHC markers that are useful for diagnosis of brain tumors. To introduce the latest advances in IHC in this field, we review the features of(More)
The neuroprotective effects of ethyl pyruvate (EP), a stable derivative of pyruvate, on energy metabolism of rat brain exposed to ischemia-reperfusion stress were investigated by (31)P-nuclear magnetic resonance ((31)P-NMR) spectroscopy. Recovery level of phosphocreatine after ischemia was significantly greater when superfused with artificial cerebrospinal(More)