Hidehiro Shinozaki

Learn More
1. The effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonists on excitatory transmission at mossy fibre-CA3 synapses were studied in rat hippocampal slice preparations using both extracellular and whole-cell clamp recording techniques. 2. Application of a novel and potent mGluR2/mGluR3-specific agonist(More)
1. Neuropharmacological actions of a novel metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist, (2S,1'R,2'R,3'R)-2(2,3-dicarboxycyclopropyl)glycine (DCG-IV), were examined in the isolated spinal cord of the newborn rat, and compared with those of the established agonists of (2S,1'S,2'S)-2-(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (L-CCG-I) or(More)
1. The effects of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) activation on synaptic inhibition were examined using whole-cell recordings of spontaneous and miniature inhibitory synaptic currents from CA3 pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slices. 2. The mGluR agonist (1S,3R)trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (tACPD) increased spontaneous IPSC(More)
1. 3-[2'-Phosphonomethyl[1,1'-biphenyl]-3-yl]alanine (PMBA) is a novel glycine antagonist at strychnine-sensitive receptors. The chemical structure of PMBA, possessing both a glycine moiety and a phosphono group, is quite different from that of strychnine. 2. In the spinal motoneurone of newborn rats, glycine (100 microM-1 mM) induced depolarizing responses(More)
Trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid, a mixed agonist of all metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtypes, is known to produce either neurotoxic or neuroprotective effects. We have therefore hypothesized that individual mGluR subtypes differentially affect neurodegenerative processes. Selective agonists of subtypes which belong to mGluR class(More)
Glucose-induced insulin secretion from pancreatic beta-cells depends critically on ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (K(ATP) channel) activity, but it is not known whether K(ATP) channels are involved in the potentiation of insulin secretion by glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP). In mice lacking K(ATP) channels (Kir6.2(-/-) mice), we found that(More)
Modulation of Ca2+ channels by metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) was investigated in cerebellar granule cells using the cell-attached configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Experiments were performed in the absence of external Ca2+ and Ba2+ was used as charge carrier. Bath applied glutamate or (1S,3R) trans-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic(More)
Rab3 is a subfamily of the small GTP-binding protein Rab family and plays an important role in exocytosis. Several potential effectors of Rab3, including rabphilin3 and Rims (Rim1 and Rim2), have been isolated and characterized. Noc2 was identified originally in endocrine pancreas as a molecule homologous to rabphilin3, but its role in exocytosis is(More)
  • H Shinozaki
  • Nihon yakurigaku zasshi. Folia pharmacologica…
  • 1988
The history of pharmacological examinations of glutamate receptor agonists such as kainic acid, quisqualic acid, acromelic acid, L-CCG-I, DCG-IV and L-F2CCG-I was described. Kainic acid is one of the most potent excitants in the mammalian central neurons, and its powerful excitatory actions gave rise to the excitotoxic concept that glutamate destroys(More)