Hidehiro Sakurai

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In order to determine the effects of the deletion of hydrogenase genes on nitrogenase-based photobiological H2 productivity by heterocystous N2-fixing cyanobacteria, we have constructed three hydrogenase mutants from Anabaena sp. PCC 7120: hupL – (deficient in the uptake hydrogenase), hoxH – (deficient in the bidirectional hydrogenase), and hupL –/hoxH –(More)
Ferredoxin-NAD(P)(+) reductase [EC 1.18.1.3, 1.18.1.2] was isolated from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum and purified to homogeneity. The molecular mass of the subunit is 42 kDa, as deduced by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The molecular mass of the native enzyme is approximately 90 kDa, estimated by(More)
Soluble cytochrome c-554 (M r ∼ 10 kDa) is purified from the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum. Its midpoint redox potential is determined to be +148 mV from redox titration at pH 7.0. The kinetics of cytochrome c-554 oxidation by a purified reaction center complex from the same organism were studied by flash absorption spectroscopy at room(More)
From the photosynthetic green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum (pro synon. Chlorobaculum tepidum), we have purified three factors indispensable for the thiosulfate-dependent reduction of the small, monoheme cytochrome c(554). These are homologues of sulfur-oxidizing (Sox) system factors found in various thiosulfate-oxidizing bacteria. The first factor is(More)
From Bacillus subtilis cell extracts, ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase (FNR) was purified to homogeneity and found to be the yumC gene product by N-terminal amino acid sequencing. YumC is a ∼94-kDa homodimeric protein with one molecule of non-covalently bound FAD per subunit. In a diaphorase assay with 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol as electron acceptor, the(More)
In the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobaculum tepidum, three sulfur oxidizing enzyme system (Sox) proteins, SoxAXK, SoxYZ, and SoxB (the core TOMES, thiosulfate oxidizing multi-enzyme system) are essential to in vitro thiosulfate oxidation. We purified monomeric flavoprotein SoxF from this bacterium, which had sulfide dehydrogenase activity. SoxF enhanced the(More)
We describe a strategy to establish cyanobacterial strains with high levels of H2 production that involves the identification of promising wild-type strains followed by optimization of the selected strains using genetic engineering. Nostoc sp. PCC 7422 was chosen from 12 other heterocystous strains, because it has the highest nitrogenase activity. We(More)
Cyanobacteria use sunlight and water to produce hydrogen gas (H₂), which is potentially useful as a clean and renewable biofuel. Photobiological H₂ arises primarily as an inevitable by-product of N₂ fixation by nitrogenase, an oxygen-labile enzyme typically containing an iron-molybdenum cofactor (FeMo-co) active site. In Anabaena sp. strain 7120, the enzyme(More)
The vibrational properties of the primary donor P840 in the reaction center (RC) of the green sulfur bacterium Chlorobium tepidum and its interactions with the surrounding protein environment have been investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) difference spectroscopy at cryogenic temperatures. By using the step-scan technique with a time resolution(More)
Green sulfur bacteria use various reduced sulfur compounds such as sulfide, elemental sulfur, and thiosulfate as electron donors for photoautotrophic growth. This article briefly summarizes what is known about the inorganic sulfur oxidizing systems of these bacteria with emphasis on the biochemical aspects. Enzymes that oxidize sulfide in green sulfur(More)