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Deficiency of osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble decoy receptor for receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), in mice induces osteoporosis caused by enhanced bone resorption, but also accelerates bone formation. We examined whether bone formation is coupled with bone resorption in OPG-deficient (OPG-/-) mice using risedronate, an inhibitor(More)
Bone remodeling is a process of bone renewal accomplished by osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. These two activities are regulated by systemic hormones and by local cytokines and growth factors. Moreover, the nervous system and certain neuropeptides seem to be involved in regulation of bone remodeling. In this paper, we focus on(More)
The effects of cryopreservation on periodontal regeneration of transplanted rat molars were investigated histologically and histochemically in rats. Bilateral first and second maxillary molars of 4-week-old Wistar rats were gently extracted and transplanted into the abdominal subcutaneous connective tissue immediately or after cryopreservation in liquid(More)
Bone tissue, with its dynamic microenvironment featuring osteoclastic bone resorption, angiogenesis and matrix degradation, appears to facilitate proliferation of tumor cells after the onset of bone metastasis. In this study, we examined metastatic lesions in the femora of BALB/c nu/nu mice two weeks after intracardiac injection with human breast carcinoma(More)
To examine the stability of bone matrix proteins for crystal dislocation, the immunolocalization of type I collagen, bone sialoprotein, and osteopontin was investigated during different stages of fixation and decalcification. Four-week-old rat femurs were rapidly frozen, and were sectioned without fixation or decalcification. Thereafter, following or(More)
Osteoclasts form ruffled borders and sealing zones toward bone surfaces to resorb bone. Sealing zones are defined as ringed structures of F-actin dots (actin rings). Polarized osteoclasts secrete protons to bone surfaces via vacuolar proton ATPase through ruffled borders. Catabolic enzymes such as tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) and cathepsin K(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) has been proposed to be a potent stimulator of bone resorption. However, PGE2 itself has been shown to directly inhibit bone-resorbing activity of osteoclasts. We examined the role of PGE2 in the function of mouse osteoclasts formed in vitro. Bone marrow macrophage osteoclast precursors expressed PGE2 receptors EP1, EP2, EP3beta, and(More)
The dental follicle contains mesenchymal cells that differentiate into osteoblasts, cementoblasts, and fibroblasts. However, the characteristics of these mesenchymal cells are still unknown. alpha-Smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) is known to localize in stem cells and precursor cells of various tissues. In the present study, to characterize the(More)
Deficiency of osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble decoy receptor for receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), in mice induces osteoporosis caused by enhanced bone resorption. Serum concentrations of RANKL are extremely high in OPG-deficient (OPG(-/-)) mice, suggesting that circulating RANKL is involved in osteoclastogenesis. RANKL(-/-) mice(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) positively regulates bone resorption and formation mainly mediated through the EP(4) receptor, a subtype of PGE(2) receptors. ONO-4819, an EP(4) receptor-selective agonist, has been shown to increase bone volume, density, and strength; however, the mechanism of these effects has yet to be fully elucidated. To explore this matter,(More)