Hidehiro Ozawa

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Deficiency of osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble decoy receptor for receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), in mice induces osteoporosis caused by enhanced bone resorption, but also accelerates bone formation. We examined whether bone formation is coupled with bone resorption in OPG-deficient (OPG-/-) mice using risedronate, an inhibitor(More)
The localization of vacuolar-type H+-ATPase and carbonic anhydrase II (CA II) in rat incisor enamel organs at maturation was examined by light and electron microscopy. The immunoreactivity for both vacuolar-type H+-ATPase and CA II was intense on the ruffled border of ruffle-ended ameloblasts (RA), but moderate at the distal end of smooth-ended ameloblasts(More)
The effects of cryopreservation on periodontal regeneration of transplanted rat molars were investigated histologically and histochemically in rats. Bilateral first and second maxillary molars of 4-week-old Wistar rats were gently extracted and transplanted into the abdominal subcutaneous connective tissue immediately or after cryopreservation in liquid(More)
While dental pulp undergoes calcification following tooth replantation or transplantation, we actually know little about these mechanisms. We therefore conducted histological and immunohistochemical evaluations of mineralized tissue that formed in the pulp of rat maxillary molar transplanted into abdominal subcutaneous tissue. One, 2, 3, and 4 weeks(More)
In order to prove osteocytic osteolysis in vivo, human parathyroid hormone (hPTH (1–34), 749 ng/h), or only solvent of the same volume, was continuously administered to 8-month-old rats by an infusion pump for 4 weeks, and then structural changes in osteocytes in the cortical bones of the tibiae were analyzed morphometrically, histologically, and(More)
Bone remodeling is a process of bone renewal accomplished by osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. These two activities are regulated by systemic hormones and by local cytokines and growth factors. Moreover, the nervous system and certain neuropeptides seem to be involved in regulation of bone remodeling. In this paper, we focus on(More)
Bone tissue, with its dynamic microenvironment featuring osteoclastic bone resorption, angiogenesis and matrix degradation, appears to facilitate proliferation of tumor cells after the onset of bone metastasis. In this study, we examined metastatic lesions in the femora of BALB/c nu/nu mice two weeks after intracardiac injection with human breast carcinoma(More)
While Er:YAG laser systems are in extensive use for caries removal and cavity preparation, the effects of such treatment on pulp tissue remain unclear. This study evaluates these systems using immunohistochemical methods and compares the results with information gained from treatment using conventional burs. Cervical cavities were prepared in the upper(More)
OBJECTIVE Trabecular structural changes in the jaw after long-term estrogen deficiency are not well understood. Therefore, we sought to observe the changes in rat alveolar bone for 1 year. METHODS Six-month-old female rats were ovariectomized (OVX) or underwent a sham operation. After 1 year, bone histomorphometry and a node-strut analysis were performed(More)
Recombinant human transforming growth factor beta 1 (rhu TGF beta 1) was injected singly or repeatedly for 3-12 days into the periosteum of the right side parietal bone of neonatal rats under the period of bone growth, and the time course of histological changes of the bone was observed by light and electron microscopy and by enzyme histochemistry. The(More)