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The functional role of the alternating morphologic changes of the rat and hamster incisor ameloblasts at the stage of enamel maturation was investigated. Special attention was paid to the distribution of the intravenously injected horseradish peroxidase (HRP) throughout the ameloblastic layer. The ameloblasts at the stage of enamel maturation were divided(More)
Deficiency of osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble decoy receptor for receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL), in mice induces osteoporosis caused by enhanced bone resorption, but also accelerates bone formation. We examined whether bone formation is coupled with bone resorption in OPG-deficient (OPG-/-) mice using risedronate, an inhibitor(More)
Bone development is regulated by conserved signalling pathways that are linked to multifunctional growth factors and their high affinity receptors. Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) and fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) have been shown to play pivotal, and sometimes complementary, roles in the replication, maturation and death of(More)
Bone remodeling is a process of bone renewal accomplished by osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation. These two activities are regulated by systemic hormones and by local cytokines and growth factors. Moreover, the nervous system and certain neuropeptides seem to be involved in regulation of bone remodeling. In this paper, we focus on(More)
Osteoclast function consists of several processes: recognition of mineralized tissues, development of ruffled borders and sealing zones, secretion of acids and proteolytic enzymes into the space beneath the ruffled border, and incorporation and secretion of bone degradation products using the transcytosis system. One of the most important questions(More)
While Er:YAG laser systems are in extensive use for caries removal and cavity preparation, the effects of such treatment on pulp tissue remain unclear. This study evaluates these systems using immunohistochemical methods and compares the results with information gained from treatment using conventional burs. Cervical cavities were prepared in the upper(More)
The effects of cryopreservation on periodontal regeneration of transplanted rat molars were investigated histologically and histochemically in rats. Bilateral first and second maxillary molars of 4-week-old Wistar rats were gently extracted and transplanted into the abdominal subcutaneous connective tissue immediately or after cryopreservation in liquid(More)
Bone tissue, with its dynamic microenvironment featuring osteoclastic bone resorption, angiogenesis and matrix degradation, appears to facilitate proliferation of tumor cells after the onset of bone metastasis. In this study, we examined metastatic lesions in the femora of BALB/c nu/nu mice two weeks after intracardiac injection with human breast carcinoma(More)
Recombinant human transforming growth factor beta 1 (rhu TGF beta 1) was injected singly or repeatedly for 3-12 days into the periosteum of the right side parietal bone of neonatal rats under the period of bone growth, and the time course of histological changes of the bone was observed by light and electron microscopy and by enzyme histochemistry. The(More)
Zonal centrifugation has been used to isolate a fraction from bovine liver which appears to be derived from the Golgi apparatus. Morphologically, the fraction consists mainly of sacs and tubular elements. Spherical inclusions, probably lipoproteins, are occasionally seen in negative stains of this material. The preparation is biochemically unique.(More)