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To determine the effects of continuous aerobic exercise training (CON) vs interval aerobic exercise training (INT) on glycemic control and endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, 43 participants with type 2 diabetes were randomly allocated to the sedentary, CON, and INT groups. The CON and INT exercise training programs were designed to yield the same energy(More)
BACKGROUND We compared the clinical efficacy of surgical stabilization and internal pneumatic stabilization in severe flail chest patients who required prolonged ventilatory support. METHODS Thirty-seven consecutive severe flail chest patients who required mechanical ventilation were enrolled in this study. All the patients received identical respiratory(More)
AIMS The aim of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the published literature to address the question: "In pre-hospital adult cardiac arrest (asystole, pulseless electrical activity, pulseless Ventricular Tachycardia and Ventricular Fibrillation), does the use of mechanical Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) devices compared to manual CPR(More)
BACKGROUND The Pan Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study (PAROS) Clinical Research Network (CRN) was established in collaboration with emergency medical services (EMS) agencies and academic centers in Japan, Singapore, South Korea, Malaysia, Taiwan, Thailand, and UAE-Dubai and aims to report out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) and provide a better(More)
BACKGROUND The American Heart Association recommends cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by bystanders with chest compression only for adults who have cardiac arrests, but not for children. We assessed the effect of CPR (conventional with rescue breathing or chest compression only) by bystanders on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in children.(More)
BACKGROUND It is unclear whether dissemination of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in public places can improve the rate of survival among patients who have had an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS From January 1, 2005, through December 31, 2007, we conducted a prospective, population-based, observational study involving consecutive patients(More)
The clinical efficacy of micafungin (MCFG) in surgery, emergency, and intensive-care medicine has been studied in only a limited number of cases. We conducted a multicenter postmarketing study to evaluate MCFG efficacy and safety in Japan. MCFG was given to patients with a temperature exceeding 37.5 degrees C, either with a proven fungal infection based on(More)
BACKGROUND Although chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is effective for adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of cardiac origin, it remains uncertain whether bystander-initiated rescue breathing has an incremental benefit for OHCA of noncardiac origin. METHODS AND RESULTS A nationwide, prospective, population-based,(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the effect of the type of bystander-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for prolonged out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). OBJECTIVES To evaluate the time-dependent effectiveness of chest compression-only and conventional CPR with rescue breathing for witnessed adult OHCA of cardiac origin. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND We measured the amount of edema and the free radical production in burn-injured skin and the serum histamine levels, as well as changes in dermal interstitial fluid pressure. METHODS Thirty-six Wistar rats with 20% total body surface area burns of different depth were resuscitated by lactated Ringer's solution intravenously. The rats were(More)