Hidefumi Fukumitsu

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To identify production sites and action targets of neurotrophins during neurogenesis, we investigated immunoreactivities of neurotrophins and their tyrosine kinase receptors in the cerebral cortex of rat embryos. Two sets of ligand-receptor systems, brain-derived neurotrophic factor/TrkB and neurotrophin-3/TrkC, were expressed simultaneously in(More)
The effects of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 on expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high-affinity receptor, TrkB, in neurons cultured from the cerebral cortex of 18-day-old embryonic rats were examined. BDNF mRNA was significantly increased from 24-48 hr after the TGF-beta1 treatment over 20 ng/ml. Accumulation of BDNF(More)
Activation of microglia/macrophages after injury occurs limitedly in the CNS, which finding may explain unsuccessful axonal regeneration. Therefore, the relationship between lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation and recovery of locomotor function of rats after spinal cord injury was examined. High-dose LPS improved locomotor function greater than(More)
Distribution of brain-derived neurotrophic factor-like immunoreactivity was investigated in the adult rat brain using two types of antibodies against peptides, V2 and V4, unique to the brain-derived neurotrophic factor. Western blot analysis showed that both antibodies specifically bound brain-derived neurotrophic factor, but not other neurotrophins, and(More)
We investigated whether certain hydrophobic dipeptides, Leu-Ile, Leu-Pro, and Pro-Ile, which partially resemble the site on FK506 that binds to immunophilin, could stimulate glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) synthesis in cultured neurons and found only Leu-Ile to be an active dipeptide. Leu-Ile(More)
Lamina formation in the developing cerebral cortex requires precisely regulated generation and migration of the cortical progenitor cells. To test the possible involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the formation of the cortical lamina, we investigated the effects of BDNF protein and anti-BDNF antibody separately administered into the(More)
Maternal infection during pregnancy is an environmental risk factor for the development of severe brain disorders in offspring, including schizophrenia and autism. However, little is known about the neurodevelopmental mechanisms underlying the association between prenatal exposure to infection and the emergence of cognitive and behavioral dysfunctions in(More)
To understand the molecular basis of inflammation-induced neurotrophic influences, we investigated the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on production of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in the injured rat spinal cord or in cultured rat macrophages in comparison with the effects on synthesis/secretion of inducible nitric oxide synthase(More)
The physiological roles of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) expressed in the microglia/macrophages of the injured spinal cord have not yet been clarified. mRNA expression of chemokines, including monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1, was evoked within 1 hr after transection of the spinal cord, and GDNF mRNA expression was similarly(More)
Practical use of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) as therapy is limited by two serious problems, i.e., its inability to cross the blood-brain barrier and its instability in the bloodstream. In the present study, we investigated the effects of 4-methylcatechol (4-MC), which stimulates nerve growth factor synthesis and protects against peripheral(More)