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Dementia is a social problem in Japan, as it is in other countries. Recently, there has been an increase in the number of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD) in the population. We analyzed 239 cases of patients autopsied at Fukushimura Hospital over a 10-year period. Clinicopathologically, 66% of these cases (158 cases) presented with dementia(More)
In the neurofibrillary pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) contain paired helical filaments (PHFs) as their major fibrous component. Abnormally hyperphosphorylated, microtubule-associated protein tau is the major protein subunit of PHFs. A recent in vitro study showed that PHF tangles from AD brains are highly glycosylated,(More)
 Human membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46) is widely distributed and is one of the plasma membrane complement inhibitors. We isolated cDNA clones encoding genetic homologues of human MCP from a rat testis cDNA library. Northern blot analysis indicated that rat MCP is preferentially expressed in testis, similar to what is found with guinea pig MCP. We(More)
Pro-carboxypeptidase R (proCPR), also known as thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), precursor of carboxypeptidase U and plasma carboxypeptidase B is present in plasma and following activation by thrombin/thrombomodulin and/or plasmin can remove arginine from the carboxyterminal of C3a and C5a. We have shown that this enzyme can remove(More)
TLMA2993 peptide (N'-TLMALELKGKLLLAGLAPSAFLPLSFPEGL-C') which was designed by a computer program (MIMETIC) inhibited the activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase in a cell-free system. Therefore, we constructed a TLMA2993 expression vector containing an artificial cDNA for TLMA2993 to generate the peptide in cells. The cell lysate of transfected U937 cells(More)
BACKGROUND Coagulation and inflammation are both important processes that contribute to glomerular injury. The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (RHS-TM) in a lethal model of thrombotic glomerulonephritis and to investigate the possible mechanisms. METHODS Thrombotic glomerulonephritis was(More)
PL37 (RAARISLGPRCIKAFTE) is an antisense homology box peptide composed of aa 37-53 of C5a-anaphylatoxin and is considered to be the region essential for C5a function. Using a computer program, we designed the complementary peptides ASGAPAPGPAGPLRPMF (Pep-A) and ASTAPARAGLPRLPKFF (Pep-B). Pep-A bound to PL37 and to C5a with very slow dissociation as(More)
 The decay-accelerating factor (DAF, CD55) protects cells from autologous complement attack on self cell membranes. We have previously reported that the seventh exon encoding the serine/threonine-rich(S/T)-abc region of the guinea pig DAF gene is composed of five homologous repeats of about 51 base pairs, and that differential usage of these repeats(More)
We generated an evolutionary computer program that generates complementary peptide (C-pep) sequences, with the potential to interact with a target peptide, by comparing several physico-chemical parameters of each pair of the complementary peptides being analyzed. We generated C-peps to target several molecules. About 30% of synthesized C-peps interfered(More)
BACKGROUND Complement 5a factor (C5a) elicits a broad range of proinflammatory effects, including chemotaxis of inflammatory cells and cytokine release. C5a is also linked to the coagulant activity in autoimmune diseases. Therefore, C5a most likely plays a crucial role in the instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction. METHODS Intraportal(More)