Hidechika Okada

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Pro-carboxypeptidase R (proCPR), also known as thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), precursor of carboxypeptidase U and plasma carboxypeptidase B is present in plasma and following activation by thrombin/thrombomodulin and/or plasmin can remove arginine from the carboxyterminal of C3a and C5a. We have shown that this enzyme can remove(More)
Dementia is a social problem in Japan, as it is in other countries. Recently, there has been an increase in the number of patients with Alzheimer-type dementia (ATD) in the population. We analyzed 239 cases of patients autopsied at Fukushimura Hospital over a 10-year period. Clinicopathologically, 66% of these cases (158 cases) presented with dementia(More)
In the neurofibrillary pathology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) contain paired helical filaments (PHFs) as their major fibrous component. Abnormally hyperphosphorylated, microtubule-associated protein tau is the major protein subunit of PHFs. A recent in vitro study showed that PHF tangles from AD brains are highly glycosylated,(More)
 Human membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46) is widely distributed and is one of the plasma membrane complement inhibitors. We isolated cDNA clones encoding genetic homologues of human MCP from a rat testis cDNA library. Northern blot analysis indicated that rat MCP is preferentially expressed in testis, similar to what is found with guinea pig MCP. We(More)
We generated an evolutionary computer program that generates complementary peptide (C-pep) sequences, with the potential to interact with a target peptide, by comparing several physico-chemical parameters of each pair of the complementary peptides being analyzed. We generated C-peps to target several molecules. About 30% of synthesized C-peps interfered(More)
TLMA2993 peptide (N'-TLMALELKGKLLLAGLAPSAFLPLSFPEGL-C') which was designed by a computer program (MIMETIC) inhibited the activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase in a cell-free system. Therefore, we constructed a TLMA2993 expression vector containing an artificial cDNA for TLMA2993 to generate the peptide in cells. The cell lysate of transfected U937 cells(More)
In our earlier results, we demonstrated that cells expressing the complement C5aR are vulnerable since abnormal activation of C5aR caused apoptosis of these cells. In this study, we demonstrate that activation of C5aR by antisense homology box (AHB) peptides synthesized in multiple antigenic peptide form and representing putative interaction sites of the(More)
The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway is aberrantly activated in many cancers. Overproduction of sonic hedgehog (Shh), a ligand in the Hh pathway, increases Hh signaling activity by inhibiting Patched-1 (Ptch1), a suppressive receptor in the Hh pathway. The purpose of this study was to establish a novel strategy for treating pancreatic cancer and other(More)
HIV-1 infection requires interaction of viral envelope protein gp160 with CD4 and a chemokine receptor, CCR5 or CXCR4 as entry coreceptor. We designed HIV-inhibitory peptides targeted to CCR5 using a novel computer program (ANTIS), which searched all possible sense-antisense amino acid pairs between proteins. Seven AHBs were found in CCR5 receptor. All AHB(More)
BACKGROUND Coagulation and inflammation are both important processes that contribute to glomerular injury. The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of recombinant human soluble thrombomodulin (RHS-TM) in a lethal model of thrombotic glomerulonephritis and to investigate the possible mechanisms. METHODS Thrombotic glomerulonephritis was(More)