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Algae have attracted much interest for production of foods, bioactive compounds and also for their usefulness in cleaning the environment. In order to grow and tap the potentials of algae, efficient photobioreactors are required. Although a good number of photobioreactors have been proposed, only a few of them can be practically used for mass production of(More)
In early development of Xenopus laevis, it is known that activities of polypeptide growth factors are negatively regulated by their binding proteins. In this study, follistatin, originally known as an activin-binding protein, was shown to inhibit all aspects of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) activity in early Xenopus embryos. Furthermore, using a surface(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although the Milan criteria (MC) have been used to select liver transplantation candidates among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), many patients exceeding the MC have shown good prognosis. Preoperative neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a predictor of patient prognosis, but its mechanism has never been clarified. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression. Liver-specific microRNA-122 (miR-122) has been shown to facilitate the replication of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in human hepatoma cells in vitro. However, the clinical significance of hepatic miR-122 on HCV in human body is unclear. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The use of steatotic livers is associated with increased primary nonfunction in liver transplantation. To reduce the risk of liver injury, we applied a short-term combination therapy of diet, exercise and drugs for 11 living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) candidates with steatosis. METHODS Subjects were treated with a protein-rich (1000(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was conducted to clarify the causes of recent improvement of outcomes after hepatectomy in patients with hepatitis C (HC)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS From 1990 to 2006, 323 curative liver resections for HC-HCC were performed in our department. The patients were divided into two groups: early period(More)
We examined the quality of mesoderm induced by the action of activin A on the Xenopus presumptive ectoderm when various concentrations and treatment times were employed. The minimum concentration of activin A to induce mesodermal tissues was inversely proportional to its treatment time. The explants differentiated into different types of mesodermal tissues,(More)
Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, has recently been found to have potent mesoderm-inducing activity on isolated early Xenopus animal-cap cells. We measured the activin activity of the Xenopus egg extract by using an erythroid-differentiating test with Friend leukemia cells. The results showed that an activin homologue(More)
This paper presents a novel approach for detecting and tracking markers with randomly scattered dots for augmented reality applications. Compared with traditional markers with square pattern, our random dot markers have several significant advantages for flexible marker design, robustness against occlusion and user interaction. The retrieval and tracking of(More)