Hideaki Shirota

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Ultrafast excited-state structural dynamics of [Cu(I)(dmp)(2)](+) (dmp = 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline) have been studied to identify structural origins of transient spectroscopic changes during the photoinduced metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) transition that induces an electronic configuration change from Cu(I) (3d(10)) to Cu(II) (3d(9)). This(More)
We have investigated the microscopic aspects for ionic liquid-H(2)O systems by Raman and IR spectroscopies. Ionic liquids studied here are a series of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cations (alkyl groups: ethyl, butyl, hexyl, octyl, and decyl groups) with the anions of tetrafluoroborate and bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide. Polarities of the ionic(More)
Solvation dynamics of the fluorescence probe, coumarin 102, in anionic surfactant, sodium alkyl sulfate (C(n)H(2n+1)SO(4)Na; n = 8, 10, 12, and 14), and cationic surfactant, alkyltrimethylammonium bromide (C(n)H(2n+1)N(CH(3))(3)Br; n = 10, 12, 14, and 16), micelle solutions have been investigated by a picosecond streak camera system. The solvation dynamics(More)
We have investigated the ultrafast molecular dynamics of five pyrrolidinium cation room temperature ionic liquids using femtosecond optical heterodyne-detected Raman-induced Kerr effect spectroscopy. The ionic liquids studied are N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide P14+/NTf2-), N-methoxyethyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium(More)
Hydrogen-bonding dynamics in aqueous solutions of series of amides and acids have been investigated by means of femtosecond Raman-induced Kerr effect spectroscopy and ab initio quantum chemistry calculation. The amides and acids studied here are acetamide, 1,3-propanedicarboxamide, 1,3,5-pentanetricaroxamide, polyacrylamide with Mw=1500, acetic acid,(More)
The intermolecular interactions and dynamics of novel ionic liquids with alkylsilyl and alkylsiloxy substitutions on the cations are studied by measuring the intermolecular vibrational spectra and reorientational dynamics using femtosecond Kerr effect methods. The new ionic liquids include 1-dimethylphenylsilylmethyl-3-methylimidazolium (PhSi-mim+), and(More)
In this study, we address the following question about room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). Are the properties of a RTIL more dependent on the charges of the molecular ions or on the fact that the liquid is a complex mixture of two species, one or both of which are asymmetric? To address this question and to better understand the interactions and(More)
Mechanisms of animal skin pigment pattern formation have long been of interest to developmental and mathematical biologists. Although there has been a well-studied theoretical hypothesis-the reaction-diffusion system-that is able to reproduce the variety of skin patterns, a lack of molecular evidence has kept it just a hypothesis. In this review, we(More)
We investigated the ultrafast dynamics in 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium-based ionic liquids with two series of anions, (1) cyano-group substituted anions (thiocyanate [SCN](-), dicyanamide [N(CN)(2)](-), and tricyanomethide [C(CN)(3)](-)) and (2) trifluoromethylsulfonyl-group substituted anions (trifluoromethanesulfonate [OTf](-),(More)
We report here the low-frequency spectra, resulting from the intermolecular/interionic vibrational dynamics, of aqueous mixtures of an ionic liquid, 1-methyl-3-n-octylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate, with the H(2)O mole fractions of 0.2, 0.4, and 0.6 and the neat ionic liquid and H(2)O within the frequency range of 0.1-700 cm(-1) by means of femtosecond(More)