Hideaki Shiraishi

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The levels of bisphenol A in hazardous waste landfill leachates collected in Japan in 1996 were determined by gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GC/MS). Bisphenol A was found in seven of 10 sites investigated. All the hazardous waste landfills with leachates contaminated by bisphenol A were controlled. The concentrations of bisphenol A ranged from 1.3 to(More)
The efficiency of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Arabidopsis thaliana was compared with different organs, Arabidopsis ecotypes, and Agrobacterium strains. Efficiency of shoot regeneration was examined using hypocotyl, cotyledon and root explants prepared from young seedlings. Hypocotyl expiants had the highest regeneration efficiency in all of the(More)
The gene and the RNA from Arabidopsis thaliana for the plastid-located glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT; EC 2.3.1.15) and their encoded product have been studied. The gene (designated ATS1) was isolated by screening a λDASH genomic library for cross-hybridization with a radiolabeled probe prepared from cDNA for GPAT from squash. cDNA clones(More)
Phthalate esters, commonly used as plasticizers, show anti-androgenic activity and cause male reproductive malformation in experimental animals. However, the effects of prenatal exposure to phthalate esters in humans have not been extensively studied. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between prenatal exposure to phthalate esters and(More)
Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy with suppression-burst pattern (EIEE) is one of the most severe and earliest forms of epilepsy, often evolving into West syndrome; however, the pathogenesis of EIEE remains unclear. ARX is a crucial gene for the development of interneurons in the fetal brain, and a polyalanine expansion mutation of ARX causes mental(More)
Whole-exome sequencing of two affected sibs and their mother who showed a unique quadriceps-dominant form of neurogenic muscular atrophy disclosed a heterozygous DYNC1H1 mutation [p.H306R (c.917A>G)]. The identical mutation was recently reported in a pedigree with the axonal form of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease. Three other missense mutations in DYNC1H1 were(More)
BACKGROUND Although detection of concordant lesions on MRI significantly improves postsurgical outcomes in focal epilepsy (FE), many conventional MR studies remain negative. The authors evaluated the role of phased array surface coil studies performed at 3 Tesla (3T PA MRI). METHODS Forty patients with medically intractable focal epilepsies were(More)
(6R)-L-erythro-5,6,7,8-Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is an essential cofactor for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), tryptophan hydroxylase, phenylalanine hydroxylase, and nitric-oxide synthase. These enzymes synthesize neurotransmitters, e.g. catecholamines, serotonin, and nitric oxide (NO). We established mice unable to synthesize BH4 by disruption of the(More)
The imposex promotion activities of six organotin compounds--tributyltin (TBT), dibutyltin (DBT), monobutyltin (MBT), triphenyltin (TPT), diphenyltin (DPT) and monophenyltin (MPT)--were examined by injection experiments with the rock shell, Thais clavigera (Prosobranchia; Muricidae). TPT and TBT had strong effects on the development of imposex in the rock(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the sensitivity of a simultaneous whole-head 306-channel magnetoencephalography (MEG)/70-electrode EEG recording to detect interictal epileptiform activity (IED) in a prospective, consecutive cohort of patients with medically refractory epilepsy that were considered candidates for epilepsy surgery. METHODS Seventy patients were(More)