Hideaki Murai

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OBJECTIVES The development of intrahepatic biliary cysts (IBC) after Kasai operation in patients with biliary atresia (BA) is recognized as an important problem; however, management strategy for IBC has not been clarified, particularly in the light of the increased use of liver transplantation. METHODS Forty consecutive BA patients underwent hepatic(More)
We studied a wide variety of surgical patients to determine whether serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) correlate with the changes in serum thyroid hormone levels of the postoperative period. Surgical procedures were divided into minor surgery (cholecystectomy, n = 12), moderate surgery (colorectal cancer and(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of intrahepatic cholelithiasis and cholangitis has not yet been well studied postoperatively in patients with choledochal cysts. METHODS One hundred three patients with choledochal cysts had operative cholangiography, underwent standard excision of a choledochal cyst with Roux-en-Y hepatico-jejunal anastomosis, and were at a mean(More)
BACKGROUND Serum concentrations of soluble interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) were found to be high in patients with autoimmune diseases, lung cancer, malignant lymphoma, tuberculosis, and other diseases. Serum-soluble IL-2R was evaluated as a tumor maker in patients with gastric cancer. METHODS Preoperative concentrations of serum-soluble IL-2R were examined(More)
Preoperative serum soluble interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) levels were measured in patients with colorectal cancer, and correlated with various factors as stage, lymph node metastasis, liver metastasis, grade, serum CEA and IAP (immunosuppressive acidic protein). The levels of serum soluble IL-2R in Dukes stage C were significantly higher than in normal(More)
Serum-soluble interleukin-2 receptor (ssIL-2R) is released from its specific affinity membrane receptor on activated T lymphocytes and is detected as a form of the a-chain of IL-2R in the peripheral blood. We measured the ssIL-2R levels by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 29 healthy subjects and 39 patients with Graves' disease who were given(More)
OBJECTIVE Ultrasound (US) has been used as a tool to determine the indication for surgery for neonatal ovarian cysts. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contributes to optimal management. METHODS Between 1993 and 2001, US and MRI studies were simultaneously performed on 13 consecutive infants younger than(More)
The mechanism of progression of appendicitis has not been clarified. We esamined tissue superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), and the localization of Cu, Zn-SOD in 56 inflamed appendices in relation to histopathological classification. There was a significant difference in SOD activity between catarrhal(More)
The prognosis for children with Wilms’ tumor is reported to be excellent in those who are less than 2 years of age at diagnosis and who have a stage I/favorable-histology tumor with specimen weight less than 550 g. We report on a patient with Wilms’ tumor who belonged to this group but who developed pulmonary metastases, and we discuss the diagnostic and(More)
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