Hideaki Kikuchi

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Streptomyces avermitilis is a soil bacterium that carries out not only a complex morphological differentiation but also the production of secondary metabolites, one of which, avermectin, is commercially important in human and veterinary medicine. The major interest in this genus Streptomyces is the diversity of its production of secondary metabolites as an(More)
Swift elimination of undesirable cells is an important feature in tumour suppression and immunity. The tumour suppressor p53 and interferon-alpha and -beta (IFN-alpha/beta) are essential for the induction of apoptosis in cancerous cells and in antiviral immune responses, respectively, but little is known about their interrelationship. Here we show that(More)
The complete sequence of the genome of a hyper-thermophilic archaebacterium, Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3, has been determined by assembling the sequences of the physical map-based contigs of fosmid clones and of long polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products which were used for gap-filling. The entire length of the genome was 1,738,505 bp. The authenticity of(More)
Brain subjected to acute ischemic attack caused by an arterial blockage needs immediate arterial recanalization. However, restoration of cerebral blood flow can cause tissue injury, which is termed reperfusion injury. It is important to inhibit reperfusion injury to achieve greater brain protection. Because oxidative stress has been shown to activate(More)
The complete sequence of the genome of an aerobic hyper-thermophilic crenarchaeon, Aeropyrum pernix K1, which optimally grows at 95 degrees C, has been determined by the whole genome shotgun method with some modifications. The entire length of the genome was 1,669,695 bp. The authenticity of the entire sequence was supported by restriction analysis of long(More)
Many xenobiotics are metabolized and detoxified by cytochrome P-450s (CYP). The xenobiotics metabolizing CYPs are induced by various kinds of receptors. To induce CYP1A1, the Ah receptor requires a ligand for its activation as a transcription factor. On the other hand, benzimidazole compounds can induce CYP1A1 without binding to the Ah receptor as a ligand(More)
Striatal neurons exhibiting tyrosine hydroxylase-like immunoreactivity (TH-LI) were found in the adult rat. Most of these neurons had a cell body with a 10-20 microns diameter and several spiny dendrites. The number of striatal neurons with TH-LI was increased on the side ipsilateral to an electrothermic or 6-hydroxydopamine-induced lesion which had been(More)
In birds, differentiation of embryonic gonads is not as strictly determined by the genetic sex as it is in mammals, and can be influenced by early manipulation with a sex steroid hormone. Thus administration of an aromatase inhibitor induces testis development in the genetic female, and administration of estrogen induces a left ovotestis in the genetic male(More)
Spontaneous epileptiform discharges were recorded by whole head magnetoencephalography (MEG) and subdural electrodes simultaneously from two patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. In one patient whose epileptiform discharges emerged from the lateral temporal lobe, simultaneously recorded MEG could estimate equivalent current dipole(More)
Cytochrome P450IIE1 (P450IIE1) is involved in metabolic activation of carcinogenic nitrosamines, aniline and benzene. We detected a restriction fragment length polymorphism of the human P450IIE1 gene with the restriction endonuclease DraI. The population was thus divided into three genotypes, namely, heterozygotes (CD) and two forms of homozygotes (CC and(More)