AIMS Altered thyroid hormone metabolism characterized by a low triiodothyronine (T3), so-called low-T3 syndrome, is a common finding in patients with severe systemic diseases. Additionally, subclinical thyroid dysfunction, defined as abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and normal thyroxine (T4), causes left ventricular dysfunction. Our objective was… (More)
Our aim in this study is to obtain novel three-dimensional (3-D) images of cardiac electrical excitation that include morphological information on the whole heart. We obtain these 3-D images by projecting anterior and posterior two-dimensional (2-D) current-arrow maps (CAMs) onto a 3-D standard heart model. This standard heart model is adjusted to the… (More)
We report a patient who did not improve after standard optimization of atrioventricular and intraventricular pacing timing, but showed response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) after increasing left ventricular (LV) pacing output. Increasing LV pacing output is one of the useful optimization methods for CRT nonresponder.
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is the most effective predictor of outcomes in chronic heart failure (CHF). This study sought to determine the qualitative relationship between the BNP levels at discharge and on the day of cardiovascular events in CHF patients. We devised a mathematical probabilistic model between the BNP levels at discharge (y) and on the… (More)
BACKGROUND The histological diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) is based on the presence of myocardial granulomas; however, the sensitivity of endomyocardial biopsy is relatively low. We investigated whether immunocompetent cells including dendritic cells (DC) and macrophages in nongranuloma sections of endomyocardial biopsy samples could be… (More)
BACKGROUND Congenital bicuspid aortic valve (CBAV) is the main cause of aortic stenosis (AS) in young adults. However, the histopathological features of AS in patients with CBAV have not been fully investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined specimens of aortic valve leaflets obtained from patients who had undergone aortic valve re/placement at our… (More)
BACKGROUND Landiolol effectively controls rapid heart rate in atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF/AFL) patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. However, predicting landiolol Responders and Non-Responders and patients who will experience adverse effects remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to clarify the potential applicability of landiolol… (More)
OBJECTIVE Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) is not necessarily ideal for detecting diffuse myocardial fibrosis in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Since systolic blood pressure response (SBPR) during exercise has been proposed to reflect cardiac pump reserve in patients with heart failure, we wished to determine whether LGE plus SBPR is a better… (More)