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Recent information suggests that free radicals are closely involved in the pathogenesis and/or progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). High-dose levodopa therapy has been suggested to increase oxidative stress, thereby accelerating the progression of PD. Based on this viewpoint, free radical scavenging, antioxidant and neuroprotective agents which may(More)
We evaluated the behavioral recovery of mice with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced lesions using a pole test. T(LA) (locomotor activity time) 1, 2, and 3 days after intracerebroventricular 6-OHDA injection (T(LA)(1-3D)) was correlated significantly with the levels of dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the(More)
Intracortical injection of iron ion has been shown to induce recurrent seizures and epileptic discharges in electrocorticograms. The importance of the effects of NO on seizure control systems and their regulation is suggested. In this paper, we examined the changes in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity in the epileptogenic focus induced by intracortical(More)
The levels of neurotransmitters and related metabolic enzyme activities in the brain of young-adult (3 months old), aged (11 months old) and nimodipine-administered (11 months old) senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM) were compared. Nimodipine, a calcium antagonist, was administered orally for 5 months. Acetylcholine (ACh), serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA)(More)
The levels of nitric oxide (NO) and NO synthase (NOS) activities were compared in the brains of young adult (3 months old), aged (11 months old) and TJ-960 administered (11 months old) senescence accelerated mice (SAM), of which the SAMP8 substrain is inferior in acquisition of learning due to the abnormality of glutamatergic neurotransmission in the(More)
Immunohistochemical evidence indicates the coexistence of serotonin and TRH in many raphe neurons. We examined the biochemical changes in TRH receptors after destruction of the serotonergic pathways by 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). 2 weeks after an intracerebroventricular injection of 5,7-DHT, rats were killed, and specific brain regions were dissected(More)
Inbred mutant El mice are highly susceptible to convulsive seizures upon 'throwing' stimulation, and the inhibition of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and taurine activities appears to be involved in the El mouse seizures. Uptake and release of [3H]5-HT and [3H]taurine into and from cerebral neurocortical slices using a superfusion system were investigated in(More)
We examined the effects of cyclosporin A (CsA) and glucocorticoid (GC; hydrocortisone sodium succinate) in a mouse model of experimental parkisonism. GC or CsA was administered 30 or 60 min, respectively, prior to intracerebroventricular injection of 6-hydroxydopamine, followed by injection of a similar dose of each drug 3 h later. CsA reduced the extent of(More)
We examined the effect of pretreatment with EPC-K1, a potent hydroxyl radical scavenger, on 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced reduction of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites in the mouse striatum. EPC-K1 was mixed with diet (0.2%, wt/wt) for 1 or 2 weeks, and then 6-OHDA (60 microg in 2 microl of saline solution) was injected intracereberoventricularly.(More)
Guillingji powder, a complex prescription of traditional Chinese medicines, has been pharmacologically shown to be a possible anti-aging agent, and also used for the treatment of male hypogonadism and female dysgenesis. Since the levels of numerous brain monoamines and their metabolites such as norepinephrine (NE), dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid(More)