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Connexins, the protein molecules forming gap junction channels, are reduced in number or redistributed from intercalated disks to lateral cell borders in a variety of cardiac diseases. This "gap junction remodeling" is considered to be arrhythmogenic. Using a simple model of human ventricular myocardium, we found that quantitative remodeling data extracted(More)
Cultures of neonatal rat heart cells contain predominantly myocytes and fibroblastic cells. Most abundant are groups of synchronously contracting myocytes, which are electrically well coupled through large gap junctions. Cardiac fibroblasts may be electrically coupled to each other and to adjacent myocytes, be it with low intercellular conductances.(More)
In heart, the propagation of electrical activity is mediated by intercellular channels, referred to as junctional channels, aggregated into gap junctions and localised between myocytes. These channels consist of structurally related transmembrane proteins, the connexins, three of which (CX43, CX40 and CX45) have been shown to be associated with the myocytes(More)
Short-term (10 min) effects of 100 nM 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), the protein kinase C (PKC) activator, on cardiac macroscopic (gj) and single channel (gamma j) gap junctional conductances were studied in pairs of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Under dual whole-cell (WC) or perforated patch (PP) voltage-clamp, gj increased by 15.5 +/- 7.2%(More)
In the past decade, three mathematical models describing the pacemaker activity of the rabbit sinoatrial node have been developed: the Bristow-Clark model, the Irisawa-Noma model, and the Noble-Noble model. In a comparative study it is demonstrated that these models, as well as subsequent modifications, all have several drawbacks. A more accurate model,(More)
Short term (15 min) effects of activators of protein kinase A (PKA), PKC and PKG on cardiac macroscopic (g(j)) and single channel (gamma j) gap junctional conductances were studied in pairs of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Under dual whole-cell voltage-clamp, PKC activation by 100 nM TPA increased g(j) by 16 +/- 2% (mean +/- S.E.M, n = 9), 1.5 mM of the PKG(More)
The effects of an increase in intracellular cyclic GMP (cGMP)-concentration on gap junctional current (Ij) were studied in cultured neonatal rat heart cells using both the whole-cell and perforated patch voltage-clamp method. In whole-cell measurements, exposure to 8-bromo-cGMP or carbachol reduced Ij. With the perforated patch technique, on the other hand,(More)
A method for coupling an isolated cardiac cell to a simulated cardiac cell, i.e., the real-time solution of a mathematical model of such cell, has been developed. With this "model clamp" technique, the real cell and the model cell are coupled by any desired value of intercellular coupling conductance, producing the effect of mutual interaction by electrical(More)
Connexin40 (Cx40) is a member of the connexin family of gap junction proteins. Its mRNA, abundant in lung, is also present in mammalian heart, although in lower amount. Rabbit antipeptide antibodies directed to the COOH terminus (residues 335 to 356) of rat Cx40 were characterized to investigate the distribution of Cx40 in rat and guinea pig cardiac(More)
We have used pairs of cardiac cells (i.e., one real guinea pig ventricular cell and a real-time simulation of a numerical model of a guinea pig ventricular cell) to evaluate the effects on action potential conduction of a variable coupling conductance in combination with agents that either increase or decrease the magnitude of the L-type calcium current.(More)