Hidde-Jan Jongsma

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In heart, the propagation of electrical activity is mediated by intercellular channels, referred to as junctional channels, aggregated into gap junctions and localised between myocytes. These channels consist of structurally related transmembrane proteins, the connexins, three of which (CX43, CX40 and CX45) have been shown to be associated with the myocytes(More)
Connexins, the protein molecules forming gap junction channels, are reduced in number or redistributed from intercalated disks to lateral cell borders in a variety of cardiac diseases. This "gap junction remodeling" is considered to be arrhythmogenic. Using a simple model of human ventricular myocardium, we found that quantitative remodeling data extracted(More)
Short-term (10 min) effects of 100 nM 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), the protein kinase C (PKC) activator, on cardiac macroscopic (gj) and single channel (gamma j) gap junctional conductances were studied in pairs of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Under dual whole-cell (WC) or perforated patch (PP) voltage-clamp, gj increased by 15.5 +/- 7.2%(More)
Genetic approaches have succeeded in defining the molecular basis of an increasing array of heart diseases, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the long-QT syndromes, associated with serious arrhythmias. Importantly, the way in which this new knowledge can be applied to managing patients and to the development of syndrome-specific antiarrhythmic(More)
Cultures of neonatal rat heart cells contain predominantly myocytes and fibroblastic cells. Most abundant are groups of synchronously contracting myocytes, which are electrically well coupled through large gap junctions. Cardiac fibroblasts may be electrically coupled to each other and to adjacent myocytes, be it with low intercellular conductances.(More)
INTRODUCTION The gap junction protein connexin40 (Cx40) normally is expressed in the murine atrial myocardium and ventricular conduction system. In mice lacking Cx40, several changes in the surface ECG have been described. In this study, we analyzed cardiac conduction in more detail. METHODS AND RESULTS In open chest mice under urethane anesthesia,(More)
The electrical properties of gap junctions in cell pairs are usually studied by means of the dual voltage clamp method. The voltage across the junctional channels, however, cannot be controlled adequately due to an artificial resistance and a natural resistance, both connected in series with the gap junction. The access resistances to the cell interior of(More)
In this study we report about the modulation of connexin45 (Cx45) gap junction channel properties by phosphorylation of the connexin molecules through different protein kinases. Phosphorylation of Cx45 was studied in HeLa cells transfected with mouse Cx45 (mCx45). Using Western blotting (WB) and immunocytochemistry, these cells were found exclusively(More)
Connexin40 (Cx40) is a member of the connexin family of gap junction proteins. Its mRNA, abundant in lung, is also present in mammalian heart, although in lower amount. Rabbit antipeptide antibodies directed to the COOH terminus (residues 335 to 356) of rat Cx40 were characterized to investigate the distribution of Cx40 in rat and guinea pig cardiac(More)
INTRODUCTION Sustained atrial fibrillation (AF) is characterized by a marked shortening of the atrial effective refractory period (AERP) and a decrease or reversal of its physiologic adaptation to heart rate. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the AF-induced changes in AERP in the goat are associated with changes in the atrial(More)