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Stress granule (SG) assembly is a conserved cellular strategy to minimize stress-related damage and promote cell survival. Beyond their fundamental role in the stress response, SGs have emerged as key players for human health. As such, SG assembly is associated with cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, ischemia, and virus infections. SGs and granule-related(More)
Stress granule (SG) assembly represents a conserved eukaryotic defense strategy against various insults. Although essential for the ability to cope with deleterious conditions, the signaling pathways controlling SG formation are not fully understood. The energy sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is critical for the cellular stress response. Human(More)
BACKGROUND Importin-α1 belongs to a subfamily of nuclear transport adaptors and participates in diverse cellular functions. Best understood for its role in protein transport, importin-α1 also contributes to other biological processes. For instance, arsenite treatment causes importin-α1 to associate with cytoplasmic stress granules (SGs) in mammalian cells.(More)
Hsc70s are constitutively synthesized members of the 70-kDa chaperone family; they are essential for viability and conserved among all organisms. When eukaryotic cells recover from stress, hsc70s accumulate in nucleoli by an unknown mechanism. Our studies were undertaken to characterize the signaling events and the targeting sequence required to concentrate(More)
Many cellular processes are organized in a compartmentalized and dynamic fashion to ensure effective adaptation to physiological changes. Thus, in response to stress and disease, cells initiate protective mechanisms to restore homeostasis. Among these mechanisms are the arrest of translation and remodeling of ribonucleoprotein complexes into granular(More)
Eukaryotic cells assemble stress granules (SGs) when translation initiation is inhibited. Different cell signaling pathways regulate SG production. Particularly relevant to this process is 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which functions as a stress sensor and is transiently activated by adverse physiologic conditions. Here, we dissected the role of(More)
Aging affects numerous aspects of cell biology, but the senescence-associated changes in the stress response are only beginning to emerge. To obtain mechanistic insights into these events, we examined the formation of canonical and non-canonical stress granules (SGs) in the cytoplasm. SG generation is a key event after exposure to physiological or(More)
BACKGROUND Persistently active PKMζ has been implicated in maintaining spinal nociceptive sensitization that underlies pain hypersensitivity. However, evidence for PKMζ in the maintenance of pain hypersensitivity comes exclusively from short-term studies in males using pharmacological agents of questionable selectivity. The present study examines the(More)
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Abstract Cancer cells can take up gold nanoparticles of different morphologies. These particles interact with the plasma membrane and often travel to intracellular organelles. Among organelles, the nucleus is especially susceptible to(More)
Background. Chaperones and their co-factors are components of a cellular network; they collaborate to maintain proteostasis under normal and harmful conditions. In particular, hsp70 family members and their co-chaperones are essential to repair damaged proteins. Co-chaperones are present in different subcellular compartments, where they modulate chaperone(More)