Hicham Idriss

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We report the conversion of a large fraction of formamide (NH(2)CHO) to high-molecular-weight compounds attributed to nucleoside bases on the surface of a TiO(2) (001) single crystal in ultra-high vacuum conditions. If true, we present previously unreported evidence for making biologically relevant molecules from a C1 compound on any single crystal surface(More)
The reaction of DL-Proline on O2-annealed (stoichiometric) and O-defected (sub-stoichiometric) TiO2 (001) single-crystal surfaces has been investigated. This is of significance in trying to understand the concept of how biomolecules interact with the surfaces of biomedical implants (molecular recognition). On an O2-annealed TiO2 surface, proline is found to(More)
Photocatalytic reactions of heterogeneous systems, probably the most complex catalytic reactions, are central to a wide variety of phenomena including those of evolution theory, energy conversion, and environmental cleanup. Although catalytic reactions are essentially surface driven, the effect of bulk structure is particularly important for the photo(More)
Tuning the photonic band gap (PBG) to the electronic band gap (EBG) of Au/TiO2 catalysts resulted in considerable enhancement of the photocatalytic water splitting to hydrogen under direct sunlight. Au/TiO2 (PBG-357 nm) photocatalyst exhibited superior photocatalytic performance under both UV and sunlight compared to the Au/TiO2 (PBG-585 nm) photocatalyst(More)
Replacing fossil fuels with sustainable energy carriers is one of the most challenging problems facing society today. H2 was touted as the energy carrier of the future over a century ago by Jules Verne, yet, its development and use have been limited because the practical application of H2 energy systems requires development of a stable process from(More)
The remote hydrogen plasma is able to create abundant S-vacancies on amorphous molybdenum sulfide (a-MoSx ) as active sites for hydrogen evolution. The results demonstrate that the plasma-treated a-MoSx exhibits superior performance and higher stability than Pt in a proton exchange membrane based electrolyzers measurement as a proof-of-concept of industrial(More)
Finding the active sites of catalysts and photo-catalysts is crucial for an improved fundamental understanding and the development of efficient catalytic systems. Here we have studied the photo-activated dehydrogenation of ethanol on reduced and oxidized rutile TiO2(110) in ultrahigh vacuum conditions. Utilizing scanning tunnelling microscopy, various(More)
The mixed-phase nature of P25 TiO2 (85 % anatase/15 % rutile) plays a key role in the high H2 production rates shown by Au/P25 TiO2 photocatalysts in alcohol/water systems. However, a full understanding of the synergistic charge transfer mechanisms between the TiO2 polymorphs that drive the high rates is yet to be realised. Here, we deconstruct P25 TiO2(More)
The chemical activity of oxygen vacancies on well-defined, single-crystal CeO2(111)-surfaces is investigated using CO as a probe molecule. Since no previous measurements are available, the assignment of the CO ν1 stretch frequency as determined by IR-spectroscopy for the stoichiometric and defective surfaces are aided by ab initio electronic structure(More)
While coupling reactions of carbon-containing compounds are numerous in organometallic chemistry, they are very rare on well-defined solid surfaces. In this work we show that the reductive coupling of two molecules of carbon monoxide to C2 compounds (acetylene and ethylene) could be achieved on oxygen-defected UO2(111) single crystal and thin film surfaces.(More)