Learn More
We report the conversion of a large fraction of formamide (NH(2)CHO) to high-molecular-weight compounds attributed to nucleoside bases on the surface of a TiO(2) (001) single crystal in ultra-high vacuum conditions. If true, we present previously unreported evidence for making biologically relevant molecules from a C1 compound on any single crystal surface(More)
The reaction of DL-Proline on O2-annealed (stoichiometric) and O-defected (sub-stoichiometric) TiO2 (001) single-crystal surfaces has been investigated. This is of significance in trying to understand the concept of how biomolecules interact with the surfaces of biomedical implants (molecular recognition). On an O2-annealed TiO2 surface, proline is found to(More)
Tuning the photonic band gap (PBG) to the electronic band gap (EBG) of Au/TiO2 catalysts resulted in considerable enhancement of the photocatalytic water splitting to hydrogen under direct sunlight. Au/TiO2 (PBG-357 nm) photocatalyst exhibited superior photocatalytic performance under both UV and sunlight compared to the Au/TiO2 (PBG-585 nm) photocatalyst(More)
Catalytic hydrogen production from renewables is a promising method for providing energy carriers in the near future. Photocatalysts capable of promoting this reaction are often composed of noble metal nanoparticles deposited on a semiconductor. The most promising semiconductor at present is TiO₂. The successful design of these catalysts relies on a(More)
A systematic study on the photocatalytic activity of well-defined, macroscopic bulk single-crystal TiO(2) anatase and rutile samples has been carried out, which allows us to link photoreactions at surfaces of well-defined oxide semiconductors to an important bulk property with regard to photochemistry, the life time of e-h pairs generated in the bulk of the(More)
Photocatalytic reactions of heterogeneous systems, probably the most complex catalytic reactions, are central to a wide variety of phenomena including those of evolution theory, energy conversion, and environmental cleanup. Although catalytic reactions are essentially surface driven, the effect of bulk structure is particularly important for the photo(More)
The remote hydrogen plasma is able to create abundant S-vacancies on amorphous molybdenum sulfide (a-MoSx ) as active sites for hydrogen evolution. The results demonstrate that the plasma-treated a-MoSx exhibits superior performance and higher stability than Pt in a proton exchange membrane based electrolyzers measurement as a proof-of-concept of industrial(More)
Finding the active sites of catalysts and photo-catalysts is crucial for an improved fundamental understanding and the development of efficient catalytic systems. Here we have studied the photo-activated dehydrogenation of ethanol on reduced and oxidized rutile TiO2(110) in ultrahigh vacuum conditions. Utilizing scanning tunnelling microscopy, various(More)
The reaction of ethanol has been studied on the surface of rutile TiO(2)(110) by Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD), online mass spectrometry under UV excitation and photoelectron spectroscopy while the adsorption energies of the molecular and dissociative modes of ethanol were computed using the DFT/GGA method. The most stable configuration is the(More)