Hibret A. Adissu

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Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of cancer death in industrialized countries and there is an urgent need for the development of preventive treatments that inhibit the progression of initiated cells into overt lung cancer in smokers who quit. Murine pulmonary adenocarcinoma models are widely used to test prospective cancer preventive agents.(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is lipid messenger involved in the regulation of embryonic development, immune system functions, and many other physiological processes. However, the mechanisms of S1P transport across cellular membranes remain poorly understood, with several ATP-binding cassette family members and the spinster 2 (Spns2) member of the major(More)
BACKGROUND Basoapical polarity in epithelia is critical for proper tissue function, and control of proliferation and survival. Cell culture models that recapitulate epithelial tissue architecture are invaluable to unravel developmental and disease mechanisms. Although factors important for the establishment of basal polarity have been identified,(More)
In vitro 3-dimensional (3D) cell cultures produce valuable models that mimic 3D tissue organization and function and enhance the understanding of cell/tissue function under normal and pathological situations. Tissue function depends on the interactions between cells and the extracellular matrix; thus, effective 3D cell cultures rely on the use of(More)
Approximately one-third of all mammalian genes are essential for life. Phenotypes resulting from knockouts of these genes in mice have provided tremendous insight into gene function and congenital disorders. As part of the International Mouse Phenotyping Consortium effort to generate and phenotypically characterize 5,000 knockout mouse lines, here we(More)
Implantation of a medical implant within the body inevitably triggers a host inflammatory response that negatively impacts its function and longevity. Nevertheless, the degree and severity of this response may be reduced by selecting appropriate materials, implant geometry, surface topography and surface treatment. Here we demonstrate a strategy to improve(More)
A 4.5-year-old spayed female Great Pyrenees with hypothyroidism and hypoadrenocorticism had a slightly enlarged pituitary gland and bilaterally atrophic adrenal and thyroid glands. Lymphocytic adenohypophysitis and adrenalitis were found in which B lymphocytes and plasma cells dominated the adenohypophysitis but T cells dominated the adrenalitis. The(More)
The Mouse Genetics Project (MGP) at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute aims to generate and phenotype over 800 genetically modified mouse lines over the next 5 years to gain a better understanding of mammalian gene function and provide an invaluable resource to the scientific community for follow-up studies. Phenotyping includes the generation of a(More)
The importance of epigenetic changes in the development of hepatic steatosis is largely unknown. The histone variant macroH2A1 under alternative splicing gives rise to macroH2A1.1 and macroH2A1.2. In this study, we show that the macroH2A1 isoforms play an important role in the regulation of lipid accumulation in hepatocytes. Hepatoma cell line and(More)
A 9-year-old female Golden Retriever was presented with an acute onset of progressive respiratory distress. Echocardiography revealed a left atrial mass that limited blood flow from the pulmonary veins. The pathological evaluation revealed a left atrial ossifying myxosarcoma, bilateral adrenocortical adenomas, multifocal pituitary hyperplasia with(More)