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We examined the expression and function of gap junctions in two rat osteoblastic cell lines, ROS 17/2.8 and UMR 106-01. The pattern of expression of gap junction proteins in these two cell lines was distinct: ROS cells expressed only connexin43 on their cell surface, while UMR expressed predominantly connexin45. Immunoprecipitation and RNA blot analysis(More)
Connexins form a variety of gap junction channels that vary in their developmental and tissue-specific levels of expression, modulation of gating by transjunctional voltage and posttranslational modification, and unitary channel conductance (gamma j). Despite a 10-fold variation in gamma j, whether connexin-specific channels possess distinct ionic and(More)
Gap junctions are thought to mediate the direct intercellular coupling of adjacent cells by the gating of an aqueous pore permeable to ions and molecules of up to 1 kD or 8 to 14 A in diameter. We performed ion-substitution and dye-transfer experiments to determine the relative Cl-/K+ conductance and dye permeability of anionic fluorescein derivatives in(More)
Gap junctions are thought to mediate the direct intercellular coupling of adjacent cells by the open-closed gating of an aqueous pore permeable to ions and molecules of up to 1 kDa or 10-14 A in diameter. We symmetrically altered the ionic composition or asymmetrically added 6-carboxyfluorescein (6-CF, M(r) = 376), a fluorescent tracer, to pairs of(More)
Multiple gap junction proteins (connexins) and channels have been identified in developing and adult heart. Functional expression of the three connexins found in chick heart (connexin42, connexin43, and connexin45) by stable transfection of communication-deficient neuro2A (N2A) cells revealed that all three connexin cDNAs are capable of forming(More)
AIMS To evaluate the effect of metformin on glucose metabolism, insulin sensitivity and rate of conversion diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). METHODS Seventy subjects with IGT were randomized under double-blind conditions to receive either placebo (n = 37) or metformin (n = 33) at a dosage of 250 mg three times daily for a duration(More)
Gap junctions allow direct intercellular coupling between many cells including those in the blood vessel wall. They are formed by a group of related proteins called connexins, containing conserved transmembrane and extracellular domains, but unique cytoplasmic regions that may confer connexin-specific physiological properties. We used polymerase chain(More)
BACKGROUND Although cigarette smoking is considered to be the most important cause of lung cancer, smoking behaviour cannot fully explain the epidemiological characteristics of lung cancer in Taiwanese women, who rarely smoke but contract lung cancer relatively often. There are other causes of lung cancer that have produced variability in lung cancer(More)
Intercellular communication through gap junction channels plays a fundamental role in regulating vascular myocyte tone. We investigated gap junction channel expression and activity in myocytes from the physiologically distinct vasculature of the human internal mammary artery (IMA, conduit vessel) and saphenous vein (SV, capacitance vessel). Northern and(More)
We used primers corresponding to the amino-terminal sequence shared by rat connexin-46 and ovine MP70 and a consensus sequence of the second extracellular loop conserved in all connexins to amplify and subsequently clone from chick genomic DNA a new member of the connexin family of gap junction proteins, chick connexin-56. The derived chick connexin-56(More)