Learn More
Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the GH secretagogue receptor was characterized recently from extracts of rat stomach. We describe the enteric distribution of ghrelin, ontogeny of stomach ghrelin gene expression, effects of dietary and endocrine manipulations, and vagotomy on stomach ghrelin mRNA and peptide levels and secretion in the rat. Ghrelin(More)
Uncontrolled growth and diffused invasion are major causes of mortality in patients with malignant gliomas. Nodal has been shown to have a central role in the tumorigenic signaling pathways of malignant melanoma. In this study, we show that grade IV human glioma cell lines expressed different levels of Nodal, paralleled to the potential for cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The volume of the air cavities in the paranasal sinuses is not only the simplest, but also the most important index for paranasal sinus evaluation. However, few volumetric studies have been performed in all age groups. The purpose of the current study was to outline the normal development of paranasal sinuses in all age groups, and(More)
DNA methylation is an important type of epigenetic modification involved in gene regulation. Although strong DNA methylation at promoters is widely recognized to be associated with transcriptional repression, many aspects of DNA methylation remain not fully understood, including the quantitative relationships between DNA methylation and expression levels,(More)
OBJECTIVES Allergic rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory disease with a genetic background, and IL-18 (formerly IFN-gamma-inducing factor) is a well-known pro-inflammatory cytokine. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the IL-18/-607 promoter polymorphisms were associated with allergic rhinitis in the Korean population. STUDY DESIGN Prospective(More)
BACKGROUND Early detection of coagulopathy is important to prevent bleeding during liver transplantation (LT). Rotation thromboelastometry (ROTEM(®)) provides the earliest parameter of clot amplitudes at 5 min (A5). We evaluated whether A5 correlates with platelet count (PLT) and fibrinogen concentration (Fib) and can predict thrombocytopenia and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Periodontal disease is the most common chronic inflammatory disease known to mankind (and the major cause of tooth loss in the adult population) and has also been linked to various systemic diseases, particularly diabetes mellitus. Based on the literature linking periodontal disease with diabetes in a "bidirectional manner", the(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent progenitor cells in adult tissues. This study aimed to investigate nasal polyp (NP) tissues as a potential new source of multipotent MSCs that maintain their stemness and differentiation potential following multiple rounds of passaging. NP tissues were obtained from 10 patients during endoscopic sinus surgery.(More)
Hypoxia-associated, acutely reduced blood oxygenation can compromise energy metabolism, alter oxidant/antioxidant balance and damage cellular components, including DNA. We show in vivo, in the rat brain that respiratory hypoxia leads to formation of the oxidative DNA lesion, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (oh8dG), a biomarker for oxidative DNA damage and to(More)
OBJECTIVES Coblation is operated in low temperature, so it is proposed that tonsillectomy with coblation involves less postoperative pain and allows accelerated healing of the tonsillar fossae compared with other methods involving heat driven processes. However, the results of the previous studies showed that the effect of coblation tonsillectomy has been(More)