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We present discrimination of the effect of one-photon and two-photon coherences in electromagnetically induced transparency for a three-level ladder-type atomic system. After the optical Bloch equations for a three-level atom, with either cycling or non-cycling transitions, were solved numerically, the solutions were averaged over the velocity distribution(More)
We have observed spontaneous symmetry breaking of the population of Brownian particles between two moving potentials in the spatiotemporally symmetric system. Cold atoms preferentially occupy one of the dynamic double-well potentials, produced in the parametrically driven dissipative magneto-optical trap far from equilibrium, above a critical number of(More)
We show that an atomic system in a periodically modulated optical trap displays an ideal mean-field symmetry-breaking transition. The symmetry is broken with respect to time translation by the modulation period. We describe experimental observations and develop a full microscopic theory of the observed critical phenomena. The transition is explained as(More)
We conducted a theoretical and experimental study of lineshape in modulation transfer spectroscopy for ⁸⁷Rb atoms. When a linearly polarized pump beam, modulated at an angular frequency of Ω, overlaps in parallel with an unmodulated linearly polarized probe beam, combined modulated probe beams are generated via nonlinear interaction with atoms. The detected(More)
We investigate the scaling behavior of the relaxation process for an unstable state near a subcritical Hopf bifurcation point. When the parametric modulation is applied to a magneto-optical trap, the atomic cloud becomes unstable and decays to the dynamic bistable states. Near the subcritical Hopf bifurcation point, we experimentally show that the(More)
We have experimentally and theoretically studied resonant two-photon absorption (TPA) and electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) in the open ladder-type atomic system of the 5S(1/2) (F = 1)-5P(3/2) (F' = 0, 1, 2)-5D(5/2) (F″ = 1, 2, 3) transitions in (87)Rb atoms. As the coupling laser intensity was increased, the resonant TPA was transformed to EIT(More)
We present a theoretical study of lineshape in polarization spectroscopy for the 6S₁/₂-6P₃/₂-7S₁/₂ transition line in cesium atoms. A circularly polarized pump beam is tuned either to the lower or the upper transition line, while a linearly polarized probe beam is tuned to the other transition line. The polarization rotation of the probe beam is accurately(More)
We investigated the relationship between two- and three-photon coherence in terms of the transition routes and coupling field intensities in a Doppler-broadened ladder-type atomic system for the 5S(1/2)-5P(3/2)-5D(5/2) transition in (87)Rb atoms. Three-photon electromagnetically induced absorption (TPEIA) due to three-photon coherence was observed in the(More)
We report the polarization dependence of the spectrum in modulation transfer spectroscopy for the transitions from the lower ground state (F(g) = 1) of (87)Rb atoms. We measured the spectra for the two polarization configurations where the carrier and probe beams were linearly polarized in parallel or perpendicular directions. The measured spectra were in(More)
We present an analytical calculation of temporal evolution of populations for optically pumped atoms under the influence of weak, circularly polarized light. The differential equations for the populations of magnetic sublevels in the excited state, derived from rate equations, are expressed in the form of inhomogeneous second-order differential equations(More)