Heung-Chin Cheng

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The Parkinson's disease (PD) causative PINK1 gene encodes a mitochondrial protein kinase called PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1). The autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance of PINK1 mutations suggests that PINK1 is neuroprotective and therefore loss of PINK1 function causes PD. Indeed, overexpression of PINK1 protects neuroblastoma cells from undergoing(More)
Mutations in PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) gene cause PARK6 familial Parkinsonism. To decipher the role of PINK1 in pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), researchers need to identify protein substrates of PINK1 kinase activity that govern neuronal survival, and establish whether aberrant regulation and inactivation of PINK1 contribute to both familial(More)
The Arabidopsis thaliana decapping enzyme (AtDcp2) was characterized by bioinformatics analysis and by biochemical studies of the enzyme and mutants produced by recombinant expression. Three functionally significant regions were detected: (i) a highly disordered C-terminal region with a putative PSD-95, Discs-large, ZO-1 (PDZ) domain-binding motif, (ii) a(More)
Src-family kinases (SFKs) are protooncogenic enzymes controlling mammalian cell growth and proliferation. The activity of SFKs is primarily regulated by two tyrosine phosphorylation sites: autophosphorylation of a conserved tyrosine (Y(A)) in the kinase domain results in activation while phosphorylation of the regulatory tyrosine (Y(T)) near the C-terminus(More)
Mutations of the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) gene can cause early-onset familial Parkinson disease (PD). PINK1 encodes a neuroprotective protein kinase localized at the mitochondria, and its involvement in regulating mitochondrial dynamics, trafficking, structure, and function is well documented. Owing to the lack of(More)
Although C-terminal Src kinase (CSK)-homologous kinase (CHK) is generally believed to inactivate Src-family tyrosine kinases (SFKs) by phosphorylating their consensus C-terminal regulatory tyrosine (Tyr(T)), exactly how CHK inactivates SFKs is not fully understood. Herein, we report that in addition to phosphorylating Tyr(T), CHK can inhibit SFKs by a novel(More)
C-Terminal Src kinase-homologous kinase (CHK) exerts its tumor suppressor function by phosphorylating the C-terminal regulatory tyrosine of the Src-family kinases (SFKs). The phosphorylation suppresses their activity and oncogenic action. In addition to phosphorylating SFKs, CHK also performs non-SFK-related functions by phosphorylating other cellular(More)
Excitotoxicity, a major cause of neuronal death in acute and chronic neurodegenerative diseases and conditions such as stroke and Parkinson's disease, is initiated by overstimulation of glutamate receptors, leading to calcium overload in affected neurons. The sustained high concentration of intracellular calcium constitutively activates a host of enzymes,(More)
C-terminal Src kinase (CSK) and CSK-homologous kinase (CHK) are endogenous inhibitors constraining the activity of the oncogenic Src-family kinases (SFKs) in cells. Both kinases suppress SFKs by selectively phosphorylating their consensus C-terminal regulatory tyrosine. In addition to phosphorylation, CHK can suppress SFKs by a unique non-catalytic(More)
1. The Src-family protein tyrosine kinases (SFKs) are multidomain oncogenic protein tyrosine kinases. Their overactivation contributes to cancer formation and progression. Thus, synthetic inhibitors of SFKs are being developed as therapeutics for cancer treatment. Understanding the regulatory and catalytic mechanisms of SFKs is necessary for the development(More)