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DSCR1 (adapt78) is a stress-inducible gene and cytoprotectant. Its protein product, DSCR1 (Adapt78), also referred to as MCIP1, inhibits intracellular calcineurin, a phosphatase that mediates many cellular responses to calcium. Exposure of human U251 and HeLa cells to hydrogen peroxide led to a rapid hyperphosphorylation of DSCR1 (Adapt78). Inhibitor and(More)
Adapt78 is an oxidative and calcium stress-response gene. Its protein product is a potent natural inhibitor of the intracellular calcium signaling protein calcineurin. Much of what is known about Adapt78 protein is based on cell-transfection studies. Toward understanding natural endogenous Adapt78, we used an antibody raised against cellular Adapt78 and(More)
Tyrosinase (EC, a copper-containing multifunctional oxidase, was known to be a key enzyme for biosynthesis in fungi, plants and animals. In this work, the inhibition properties α-naphthol and β-naphthol toward the activity of tyrosinase have been evaluated, and the effects of α-naphthol and β-naphthol on monophenolase and diphenolase activity of(More)
In the present work, two full length cDNAs of GH3 genes, named DlGH3.1 and DlGH3.2 were cloned from pericarp and aril tissues of the longan fruit, respectively. Three conserved motifs, SSGTSAGERK, YASSE and YRVGD, as a characteristic of the acyladenylate/thioester forming enzyme superfamily were observed in DlGH3.1 and DlGH3.2 proteins. DlGH3.1 mainly(More)
The effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS), especially hydroxyl radical (OH), on cellular wall disassembly in vitro and in vivo, and aril breakdown in longan fruit, were investigated. OH caused the disassembly of cell wall material (CWM) in vitro, demonstrated by the increases of total sugars and uronic acid released, and the downshift in molecular mass(More)
Changes in gene expression represent a major protective mechanism, and enforced overexpression of individual genes has been shown to protect cells. However, no large-scale comparison of genes involved in mammalian oxidative stress protection has yet been described. Using filter microarray and restriction fragment differential display technology, hydrogen(More)
The control activity of Rhodotorulaglutinis, salicylic acid (SA), alone or in combination, on gray mold spoilage and natural spoilage of strawberries was investigated. R. glutinis as stand-alone treatment, and the combined treatment of SA at 100 microg/mL with R. glutinis significantly reduced the disease incidence and lesion diameter of gray mold spoilage,(More)
Tyrosinase (EC, also known as polyphenol oxidase (PPO), is a key enzyme in pigment biosynthesis of organisms. The inhibitory effects of propyl gallate on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase and effects of propyl gallate on pericarp browning of harvested longan fruits in relation to phenolic metabolism were investigated. The results showed that(More)
Longan (Dimocarpus longan Lour.) fruits are very susceptible to pericarp browning and aril breakdown, and postharvest aril breakdown is one of the most important factors degrading the quality and shorting storage life of longan fruit. Changes in aril breakdown index, cell wall components and cell wall-degrading enzyme activities in aril of longan cv. Fuyan(More)
BACKGROUND The influence of adding trehalose to the culture medium on the efficacy of Pichia caribbica (JSU-1) in controlling post-harvest grey mould and blue mould decay of apples and the possible mechanisms involved were investigated. RESULTS The antagonistic activity of P. caribbica harvested from nutrient yeast dextrose broth (NYDB) amended with(More)