Hetal D Patel

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The consumption of garlic is inversely correlated with the progression of cardiovascular disease, although the responsible mechanisms remain unclear. Here we show that human RBCs convert garlic-derived organic polysulfides into hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S), an endogenous cardioprotective vascular cell signaling molecule. This H(2)S production, measured in real(More)
Infection with various human papillomaviruses (HPVs) induces cervical cancers. Cell surface heparan sulfates (HS) have been shown to serve as primary attachment receptors, and molecules with structural similarity to cell surface HS, like heparin, function as competitive inhibitors of HPV infection. Here we demonstrate that the N,N'-bisheteryl derivative of(More)
Hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) has recently been shown to have a signaling role in vascular cells. Similar to nitric oxide (NO), H(2)S is enzymatically produced by amino acid metabolism and can cause posttranslational modification of proteins, particularly at thiol residues. Molecular targets for H(2)S include ATP-sensitive K(+) channels, and H(2)S may interact(More)
The role of nitric oxide (NO) in redox cell signaling is widely accepted. However, the biological role of another candidate small inorganic signaling molecule and the subject of this study, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), is much less known. H2S as a reductant and nucleophile has numerous potential cellular targets; however, its rapid biological oxidation suggests(More)
Mitochondria from diabetic hearts are sensitized to mitochondrial permeability transition pore (PTP) opening, which may be responsible for the increased propensity for cardiac injury in diabetic hearts. The purpose of this study was to determine if redox-dependent PTP opening contributes to augmented injury in diabetic hearts, and if compounds targeted at(More)
AIMS We have previously shown that exercise leads to sustainable cardioprotection through a mechanism involving improved glutathione replenishment. This study was conducted to determine if redox-dependent modifications in glutathione reductase (GR) were involved in exercise cardioprotection. Furthermore, we sought to determine if reactive oxygen species(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that the transfusion of older blood is independently associated with higher rates of infectious complications, multiple organ failure, and mortality. Putative mechanisms implicate leukocytes in stored blood that generate immunomodulatory mediators as the stored blood ages. The purpose of this retrospective(More)
Esophageal cancer is an uncommon but highly lethal disease. Surgical resection is the gold standard of treatment for early-stage disease. Traditional surgical approach entailed significant convalescence, hospital stay, and morbidity and mortality. Transhiatal esophagectomy (THE) involves blind dissection of the esophagus with minimal mediastinal(More)
Even though cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for men and women, the vast majority of animal studies use male animals. Because female reproductive hormones have been associated with cardioprotective states, many investigators avoid using female animals because these hormones are cyclical and may introduce experimental variability. In(More)
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