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A DNA sequence coding for mature human leukocyte interferon D (LeIF-D) was linked with DNA fragments of the 5'-flanking sequences of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae (yeast) alcohol dehydrogenase I gene in a plasmid capable of autonomous replication and selection in both yeast and Escherichia coli. Yeast cells transformed by these plasmids synthesize up to 1 x(More)
Plasmids were constructed to direct synthesis of the human interferons IFN-alpha 1, IFN-alpha 2, and IFN-gamma in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Expression of IFN genes containing coding sequences for secretion signals resulted in the secretion of IFN activity. A large proportion of the IFN-alpha 1 and IFN-alpha 2 isolated from the yeast cell growth(More)
Many proteins in aqueous solution are susceptible to interfacial denaturation and precipitation during mechanical agitation. With the large number of protein parenteral products currently in research or clinical testing, it is important not only to understand this denaturation process but also to develop effective methods for stabilizing the products.(More)
Structural features of a recombinant E. coli derived interferon-alpha analog, interferon consensus1, was studied by circular dichroism and fluorescence spectroscopy. Circular dichroic spectra of the purified protein showed that it has about 70% alpha-helix and a distinct tertiary structure. These structural features are similar to those for a natural(More)
1-(5'-Phospho-beta-D-ribofuranosyl)barbituric acid, an analogue of orotidylic acid, binds to orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase about 100000 times as strongly as does the substrate. The Ki at pH 6 is 9 X 10(-12) M and the half-time for dissociation at 4 degrees C is about 10 h. The binding of the barbiturate analogue to the enzyme is thus one of the(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitors are as efficacious as tricyclic antidepressants in preclinical antidepressant screening procedures and in attenuating behavioural deficits associated with animal models of depression. The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDA-R) complex gates Ca(2+), which interacts with calmodulin(More)