Hesso Farhan

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Selective autophagy can be mediated via receptor molecules that link specific cargoes to the autophagosomal membranes decorated by ubiquitin-like microtubule-associated protein light chain 3 (LC3) modifiers. Although several autophagy receptors have been identified, little is known about mechanisms controlling their functions in vivo. In this work, we found(More)
Assessment of the network of toxicity pathways by Omics technologies and bioinformatic data processing paves the road toward a new toxicology for the twenty-first century. Especially, the upstream network of responses, taking place in toxicant-treated cells before a point of no return is reached, is still little explored. We studied the effects of the model(More)
To what extent the secretory pathway is regulated by cellular signaling is unknown. In this study, we used RNA interference to explore the function of human kinases and phosphatases in controlling the organization of and trafficking within the secretory pathway. We identified 122 kinases/phosphatases that affect endoplasmic reticulum (ER) export, ER exit(More)
GTRAP3-18 interacts with and reduces the activity of the neuronal specific Na(+)/K(+) glutamate transporter, EAAC1 both in vitro and in vivo. GTRAP3-18 and the related isoform, JM4, are distant relatives of the Rab GTPase-interacting factor PRA1, and share a topology of four transmembrane domains and cytosolic termini. GTRAP3-18 and JM4 are resident(More)
Re-uptake of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) into presynaptic specializations is mediated by the GABA transporter 1 (GAT1), a member of the SLC6 gene family. Here, we show that a motif in the COOH terminus of GAT1 ((566)RL(567)), which is conserved in SLC6 family members, is a binding site for the COPII coat component Sec24D. We also identified residues in(More)
Like all members of the Na(+)/Cl(-)-dependent neurotransmitter transporter family, the rat gamma-aminobutyric acid transporter-1 (GAT1) is sorted and targeted to specialized domains of the cell surface. Here we identify two discontinuous signals in the carboxyl terminus of GAT1 that cooperate to drive surface expression. This conclusion is based on the(More)
Glutamate transporter associated protein 3-18 (GTRAP3-18) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized protein belonging to the prenylated rab-acceptor-family interacting with small Rab GTPases, which regulate intracellular trafficking events. Its impact on secretory trafficking has not been investigated. We report here that GTRAP3-18 has an inhibitory effect(More)
Serine/threonine/tyrosine-interacting protein (STYX) is a catalytically inactive member of the dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs) family. Whereas the role of DUSPs in cellular signaling is well explored, the function of STYX is still unknown. Here, we identify STYX as a spatial regulator of ERK signaling. We used predictive-model simulation to test(More)
Constitutive oligomer formation appears to be the rule for the neurotransmitter:sodium symporter (NSS) family of proteins. The propensity to form oligomers is a prerequisite for NSS proteins to pass the rigid mechanisms of quality control in the endoplasmic reticulum. Moreover, recent findings suggest that correct trafficking to the plasma membrane appears(More)
The biogenesis of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) exit sites (ERES) involves the formation of phosphatidylinositol-4 phosphate (PI4) and Sec16, but it is entirely unknown how ERES adapt to variations in cargo load. Here, we studied acute and chronic adaptive responses of ERES to an increase in cargo load for ER export. The acute response (within minutes) to(More)