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The aim of this study was to investigate theoretically the conditions for the activation of the detrusor muscle without activation of the urethral sphincter and afferent fibers, when stimulating the related sacral roots. Therefore, the sensitivity of excitation and blocking thresholds of nerve fibers within a sacral root to geometric and electrical(More)
Evacuation of urine in paraplegics without the need for catheters would be possible when voiding could be induced by eliciting a bladder contraction. A challenging option to obtain detrusor contraction is electrical stimulation of the detrusor muscle or its motor nerves. This article reviews the 4 possible stimulation sites where stimulation would result in(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of selective detrusor activation without activation of the urethral sphincter by sacral root stimulation in patients. The sacral roots were stimulated using a tripolar electrode. An anodal block was used to prevent the urethral sphincter from contraction. Using square current pulses (700(More)
A computer model of mechanical properties of the bladder, the urethra and the rhabdosphincter, as well as their neural control is presented in this paper. The model has a rather simple design and processes sensory information from both the bladder wall tension and urethral stretch. It is assumed that afferent signals from the urethra are involved in a(More)
Better understanding of the underlying working mechanism of the neural control of the lower urinary tract will facilitate the treatment of dysfunction with a neurogenic cause. We developed a computer model to study the effect of a neural control system on lower urinary tract behavior. To model the mechanical properties and neural control, assumptions had to(More)
Experiments to investigate restoration of lower urinary tract control by electrical stimulation of the sacral nerve roots are mostly performed on dogs, yet little morphometric data (such as canine root and fiber diameter distributions) are available. The aim of this study was to acquire morphometric data of the intradural canine sacral dorsal and ventral(More)
Prostate cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer in western men. An accurate early localization of prostate cancer, permitting efficient use of modern focal therapies, is currently hampered by a lack of imaging methods. Several methods have aimed at detecting microvascular changes associated with prostate cancer with limited success by quantitative(More)
Electrical sacral nerve root stimulation can be used in spinal cord injury patients to induce urinary bladder contraction. However, existing stimulation methods activate simultaneously both the detrusor muscle and the urethral sphincter. Urine evacuation is therefore only possible using poststimulus voiding. Micturition would improve if the detrusor muscle(More)
PURPOSE To establish a consensus in relation to case selection, conduct of therapy, and outcomes that are associated with focal therapy for men with localized prostate cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Urologic surgeons, radiation oncologists, radiologists, and histopathologists from North America and Europe participated in a consensus workshop on focal(More)
PURPOSE The purposes of this paper were to present the current status of contrast-enhanced transrectal ultrasound imaging and to discuss the latest achievements and techniques now under preclinical testing. OBJECTIVE Although grayscale transrectal ultrasound is the standard method for prostate imaging, it lacks accuracy in the detection and localization(More)