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Hyperspectral systems have improved significantly through recent advancements in sensor technology, which have made possible to acquire data with several hundred channels. These advances provide the possible benefit of not only collecting more detailed information than previously possible, but also of producing more accurate data. Some of the major… (More)
The acaricidal (miticidal) activity of 90% ethanolic extracts of leaves and stem bark of Swietenia mahogani and Swietenia macrophylla were tested against Varroa destructor mite. Four concentrations were used over two different time intervals under laboratory and field conditions. In general, it was noticed that the acaricidal effect based on mortality and… (More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction plays a major role in the development of age-related neurodegenerative diseases and recent evidence suggests that food ingredients can improve mitochondrial function. In the current study we investigated the effects of feeding a stabilized rice bran extract (RBE) on mitochondrial function in the brain of guinea pigs. Key components… (More)
Ethanolic and aqueous extracts of the leaves and flowers of Alstonia scholaris were evaluated for their antioxidant activity by investigating their effect on blood glutathione levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. The ethanolic extract of the leaves was the most active; therefore, its cytotoxicity against HepG2 cells was also tested. Promising GI₅₀… (More)
A new diacetyl triterpene lactone, drosericarpone (2), was isolated from the hexane extract of the herb Cleome droserifolia, together with buchariol (1, a sesquiterpene oxide, isolated for the first time from Cleome species) and stigmasterol glucoside (3). The structures of 1-3 were identified by spectroscopic means.
Hydrodistilled oils of the fresh aerial parts of Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. cultivated in Egypt were prepared from samples collected along the four seasons. The percentage yields of these essential oils were 0.50%, 0.52%, 0.60%, and 0.47% of the dry weight for winter, spring, summer, and autumn samples. GC/MS analyses of all samples revealed a qualitative and… (More)
From the methanolic extract of the roots of Sonchus asper, two new sesquiterpene glucosides, together with two known sesquiterpene glucosides and a known aglycone were isolated. Structures were identified as 11beta,13-dihydrourospermal A, 15-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-11beta,13-dihydrourospermal A, 15-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylurospermal A,… (More)
From the chloroformic extract of the resinous exudate of the stems of Eucalyptus maculata, four phenolic constituents have been isolated. A new di-cinnamic acid glucose ester was isolated, in addition to cinnamic acid, 7-methyl aromadendrin and sakuranetin. The isolated compounds were elucidated using UV, IR, 1D and 2D NMR and MS.
CONTEXT Herbal medicines play a paramount role in the treatment of wide range of diseases, so there is a growing need for their quality control and standardization. Traditionally, histological and morphological inspections have been the usual methods to authenticate herbs intended for medicinal applications. Mentha suaveolens Ehrh. (Lamiaceae) is native to… (More)