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Stem cell homing and repopulation are not well understood. The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 were found to be critical for murine bone marrow engraftment by human severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) repopulating stem cells. Treatment of human cells with antibodies to CXCR4 prevented engraftment. In vitro(More)
In the mature brain, removal of glutamate from the synaptic cleft plays an important role in the maintenance of subtoxic levels of glutamate. This requirement is handled by a family of glutamate transporters, EAAT1, EAAT2, EAAT3, and EAAT4. Due to the involvement of glutamate also in neuronal development, it is believed that glutamate transport plays a role(More)
Trafficking of human CD34 + stem/progenitor cells (HSCs/HPCs) is regulated by chemokines, cytokines, proteolytic enzymes and adhesion molecules. We report that the adhesion receptor CD44 and its major ligand, hyaluronic acid (HA), are essential for homing into the BM and spleen of NOD/SCID mice and engraftment by human HSCs. Homing was blocked by anti-CD44(More)
High densities of serotonergic 5-HT1A receptors, in excess of adult levels, were found in the human fetal brain between the 16th and 22nd weeks of gestation, 5-HT1A receptors were measured by quantitative autoradiography using brain sections of fetuses aborted at gestational ages 16-22 weeks. The highest receptor concentrations were detected in the cortex(More)
The ontogeny of muscarinic cholinergic receptors in developing human brain was analyzed by in vitro receptor autoradiography with [3H]Quinuclidinyl Benzilate. It was found that muscarinic receptors develop relatively early; the levels at 24 weeks of gestation were comparable or even higher then the values in the adult brain, and that the levels of both M1(More)
Human SCID repopulating cells (SRC) are defined based on their functional ability to repopulate the bone marrow of NOD/SCID mice with both myeloid and lymphoid cell populations. The frequency of SRC in umbilical cord blood cells is 1 in 9.3 x 10(5) mononuclear cells. We report that as few as 8 x 10(4) human cord blood mononuclear cells transplanted into(More)
In the human fetal kidney (HFK) self-renewing stem cells residing in the metanephric mesenchyme (MM)/blastema are induced to form all cell types of the nephron till 34(th) week of gestation. Definition of useful markers is crucial for the identification of HFK stem cells. Because wilms' tumor, a pediatric renal cancer, initiates from retention of renal stem(More)
The relationship between tumour growth, insulin status, blood lipids and adipose linoleic acid (LA, reflecting long-term LA intake) was studied in 19 Jewish women suffering from early and advanced stages (ES and AS) of ovarian and endometrial tumours. Blood insulin in patients with ES tumours was four times higher than the control value in cancer-free(More)
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