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The most frequent primary brain tumors, anaplastic astrocytomas (AA) and glioblastomas (GBM): tend to invasion of the surrounding brain. Histopathological studies found malignant cells in macroscopically unsuspicious brain parenchyma remote from the primary tumor, even affecting the contralateral hemisphere. In early stages, diffuse interneural infiltration(More)
  • M. Nowak, A. Strzelczyk, P.S. Reif, K. Schorlemmer, S. Bauer, B.A. Norwood +4 others
  • 2012
Minocycline, a tetracycline family antibiotic, is known to inhibit microglial activation and proinflammatory cytokine release in animal models. Experimental data show that these immune processes may play a role in epilepto- and ictogenesis. We present the case of a patient with marked reduction in seizure frequency during minocycline therapy with severe(More)
Gliomatosis cerebri is a rare, diffusely growing neuroepithelial tumor characterized by extensive brain infiltration involving more than two cerebral lobes. Among 13 patients with gliomatosis cerebri (median age, 46 years), biopsies showed features of diffuse astrocytoma (n = 4), oligoastrocytoma (n = 1), anaplastic astrocytoma (n = 5), anaplastic(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a protein that is overexpressed in many tumors, such as colon and prostate cancer, melanoma, and glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). In its function as a cytokine, MIF induces angiogenesis, promotes cell cycle progression, and inhibits apoptosis. Recently, the molecular signal transduction has been specified: MIF(More)
Subcutaneous vaccination using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-transduced glioma cells substantially prolongs survival in the mouse GL261 glioma model. To potentiate the efficacy of GM-CSF-based vaccination, syngeneic C57BL/6 mice bearing pre-implanted intracerebral GL261 gliomas were vaccinated twice subcutaneously with various(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), the corresponding kinases SphK1–2, and receptors S1P1–3 and S1P5 are involved in cell survival and growth. Pathway components are overexpressed in many tumors including glioblastoma. Previous studies showed that the expression of SphK1 influenced survival of glioblastoma patients, yet the roles of SphK1–2 and receptors S1P1–3(More)
BACKGROUND Despite multimodal treatment, glioblastoma (GBM) therapy with temozolomide (TMZ) remains inefficient due to chemoresistance. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) and a disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM), increased in GBM, could contribute to chemoresistance and TMZ-induced recurrence of glioblastoma. METHODS TMZ inducibility of metalloproteases(More)
INTRODUCTION Malignant brain tumors tend to migration and invasion of surrounding brain tissue. Histopathological studies reported malignant cells in macroscopically unsuspicious parenchyma (normal appearing white matter - NAWM) remote from the tumor localization. In early stages, diffuse interneural infiltration with changes of the apparent diffusion(More)
Abnormalities in the normal appearing white matter of the cerebral hemisphere contralateral to a malignant brain tumor detected by diffusion tensor imaging A b s t r a c t Introduction: Malignant brain tumors tend to migration and invasion of surrounding brain tissue. Histopathologi-cal studies reported malignant cells in macroscopically unsuspicious(More)
BACKGROUND Although CSF cytology and MRI are standard methods to diagnose neoplastic meningitis (NM), this complication of neoplastic disease remains difficult to detect. We therefore reevaluated the sensitivity of gadolinium (GD)-enhanced MRI and cerebrospinal-fluid (CSF)-cytology and the relevance of tumor type and CSF cell count. METHODS We(More)