Hervé Saint-Jalmes

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This paper gives an overview of SIMRI, a new 3D MRI simulator based on the Bloch equation. This simulator proposes an efficient management of the T2* effect, and in a unique simulator integrates most of the simulation features that are offered in different simulators. It takes into account the main static field value and enables realistic simulations of the(More)
Using MRI, we report the observation of a transient decrease of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water in the human brain visual cortex during activation by a black and white 8-Hz-flickering checkerboard. The ADC decrease was small (<1%), but significant and reproducible, and closely followed the time course of the activation paradigm. Based on(More)
High-resolution magnetic resonance (MR) images of the skin were acquired with a whole-body MR system at 1.5 T by adding a specific imaging module: A saddle-shaped surface gradient coil was connected in place of one of the gradient coils of the system, and a surface radio-frequency coil with a 1.5-cm radius was placed at the center of the gradient coil. The(More)
Tagging of photon trajectories in scattering media is possible by application of a localized ultrasonic field to the sample and by measurement of the induced speckle modulation. Instead of using a single optical detector, which integrates the signal of many speckle grains, we propose a more efficient detection scheme that uses a CCD camera and parallel(More)
We present a new microscopy system for imaging in turbid media that is based on the spatial coherence gate principle and generates in parallel a complete two-dimensional head-on image without scanning. This system has been implemented in a commercial microscope and preserves the lateral resolution of the optics used. With a spatially incoherent source,(More)
Propagation of polarized light through a scattering medium has been studied with a Monte Carlo code to obtain polarized backscattered images. Studies of these backscattered patterns obtained with polarized illumination can be used as a technique to characterize the medium anisotropy factor g. First we present the different steps of the Monte Carlo(More)
PURPOSE To test the reproducibility and accuracy of pharmacokinetic parameter measurements on five analysis software packages (SPs) for dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI), using simulated and clinical data. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective study was Institutional Review Board-approved. Simulated tissues consisted of(More)
The aims of this study were, firstly, to monitor temperature with magnetic resonance (MR) during laser ablations performed in pig livers in vivo in a low-field open scanner (0.23T) and, secondly, to study the feasibility of lesion size prediction. Spin-echo (SE) images of 29 sec acquired during laser applications allowed calculation of temperature maps(More)
Thermal therapy of tumour including hyperthermia and thermal ablation by heat or cold delivery requires on line monitoring. Due to its temperature sensitivity, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) allows thermal mapping at the time of the treatment. The different techniques of MR temperature monitoring based on water proton resonance frequency (PRF),(More)
With the development of interventional MRI, heating of biological tissues along the metallic wires in the MRI scanner has become an important issue. To assess thermal response to RF exposure during MRI, we studied the temperature elevation near nonmagnetic metallic wires. All tests were performed on a 1.5 T clinical scanner. Four experiments were conducted(More)