Hervé Perron

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The multiple sclerosis-associated retrovirus (MSRV) isolated from plasma of MS patients was found to be phylogenetically and experimentally related to human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs). To characterize the MSRV-related HERV family and to test the hypothesis of a replication-competent HERV, we have investigated the expression of MSRV-related sequences in(More)
The partial molecular characterization of multiple sclerosis (MS)-associated retrovirus (MSRV), a novel retrovirus previously called LM7, is reported. MSRV has been isolated repeatedly from leptomeningeal, choroid plexus and from Epstein-Barr virus-immortalized B cells of MS patients. A strategy based on reverse transcriptase PCR with RNA-purified(More)
New sequences have been obtained by successive overlapping RT-PCR extensions from the pol region of a retroviral RNA (multiple sclerosis-associated retroviral element, MSRV) amplified in retrovirus-like particles from patients with multiple sclerosis. gag and pol sequences are related to type C oncoviruses, whereas the env sequence is closer to type D. A(More)
A retroviral element (MSRV) defining a family of genetically inherited endogenous retroviruses (HERV-W) has recently been characterized in cell cultures from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). To address the possible relationship with MS, direct detection of circulating virion RNA was proposed but revealed technically difficult to perform in(More)
Multiple sclerosis-associated retroviral element (MSRV) is a retroviral element, the sequence of which served to define the W family of human endogenous retroviruses. MSRV viral particles display proinflammatory activities both in vitro in human mononuclear cell cultures and in vivo in a humanized SCID mice model. To understand the molecular basis of such(More)
In order to characterize antigenic epitopes specifically targeted by the immune response of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), the antibody specificities of cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) and sera from the same MS patients have been analyzed using a random pentadecapeptide library displayed on phage. The 3 peptides (mimotopes) selected with MS sera were not(More)
BACKGROUND Recent and independent molecular studies have shown an association between human endogenous retroviruses type "W" family (HERV-W) and schizophrenia, mostly by polymerase chain reaction studies, but none has yet addressed specific antigen detection in living patients. METHODS Forty-nine schizophrenic patients and an equivalent number of healthy(More)
BACKGROUND The envelope protein from multiple sclerosis (MS) associated retroviral element (MSRV), a member of the Human Endogenous Retroviral family 'W' (HERV-W), induces dysimmunity and inflammation. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to confirm and specify the association between HERV-W/MSRV envelope (Env) expression and MS. METHODS 103 MS,(More)
A leptomeningeal cell line (clonal but not immortal) was isolated from lumbar-punctured cerebrospinal fluid in a patient with definite multiple sclerosis (MS). This cell line, named LM7, was characterized by immunocytochemical and ultrastructural analyses and was found to produce specific viral reverse transcriptase activity, whereas electron microscopy(More)
A leptomeningeal cell line (LM7) harbouring an unknown retrovirus was recently isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with multiple sclerosis. However, spontaneous expression of the LM7 retrovirus in this primary culture is quite low. We present results showing that in vitro infection of LM7 cells with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), but(More)