Learn More
Effects of microgravity (microG) on fertilization were studied in the urodele amphibian Pleurodeles waltl on board the MIR space station. Genetic and cytomorphologic analyses ruled out parthenogenesis or gynogenesis and proved that fertilization did occur in microG. Actual fertilization was demonstrated by the analysis of the distribution of peptidase-1(More)
The FERTILE experiment was twice performed onboard the Mir space station during the Cassiopée and Pégase French space missions. The goal was to analyze the effects of microgravity on fertilization and embryonic development, and then on further development on the ground in the amphibian Pleurodeles waltl. The present paper reports development that occurred(More)
The aim of the present study was to define the morphology and the crystallographic and chemical composition of otoconia in different regions of the inner ear in Pleurodeles waltl (urodele amphibian). The inner ear of adults was microdissected and otoconia were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray (EDX)(More)
The role of aluminum accumulation in articular tissues of patients affected by dialysis-associated arthropathy (DAA) is questioned. The aim of this work is to identify the nature of these aluminum accumulations by the use of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS). Al/Si ratios of about 1, measured by SIMS, strongly suggest for the first time the presence of(More)
Anomalie m.p. is a spontaneous and heritable hindlimb abnormality described earlier. Twenty years later, Pleurodeles waltl larvae from the strain bearing anomalie m.p. and reared at room temperature or at 30 degrees C, expressed abnormalities (ectrodactylia, hemimelia, ectromelia). A morphological study of all the hindlimbs and an analysis of the hindlimb(More)
The aim of this study is to determine the stages of appearance, morphology, crystallographic structure and chemical composition of otoconia during the inner ear development of an urodele amphibian, Pleurodeles waltl. The first otoconia are detected in the otocyst. Near hatching, calcitic otoconia are polyhedral in the saccule and cylindrical in the utricle.(More)
The respective resorption rates of recently commercialized collagen versus polylactic acid-citric acid ester membranes were compared. 16 rabbits were implanted with 2 mm x 4 mm pieces of membrane of both types in the alveolar mucosa just apically to the incisors on either side of the mouth. 1 animal was sacrificed on day 0, just after the operation. The(More)
In vertebrates, only few experiments have been performed in microgravity to study the embryonic development from fertilization. To date, these concern only amphibian and fish. We report here a study on the embryonic development of Pleurodeles waltl (urodele amphibian) eggs oviposited in microgravity. The experiment was performed twice on board the Mir space(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the contribution of a bioresorbable membrane placement to the healing of immature teeth after autotransplantation of tooth buds. STUDY DESIGN Six cases were selected: 2 transplantations of wisdom teeth, 2 for premolar agenesis, 1 for ectopia, and 1 premolar in an incisor position. The crown of each tooth(More)
This is a histological study of the human temporo-mandibular joint and its surrounding muscles. Using a microscopic study of serial sections from anatomical specimens from six subjects, the detailed anatomy of the joint is presented with particular regard to the histology. This study has allowed, in particular, the description of the ligaments and capsule(More)