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BACKGROUND Nivolumab, a fully human IgG4 programmed death 1 (PD-1) immune-checkpoint-inhibitor antibody, disrupts PD-1-mediated signaling and may restore antitumor immunity. METHODS In this randomized, open-label, international phase 3 study, we assigned patients with nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that had progressed during or after(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with squamous non-small-cell lung cancer that is refractory to multiple treatments have poor outcomes. We assessed the activity of nivolumab, a fully human IgG4 PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor antibody, for patients with advanced, refractory, squamous non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS We did this phase 2, single-arm trial at 27(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a phase III study to compare the survival impact of concurrent versus sequential treatment with radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) in unresectable stage III non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to one of the two treatment arms. In the sequential arm, patients received induction(More)
PURPOSE To determine if the timing of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) with respect to chemotherapy with cisplatin and vinorelbine would influence survival in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and concurrent brain metastasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred seventy-six patients with brain metastasis from NSCLC were included in the study(More)
BACKGROUND TG4010 is a recombinant viral vector expressing both the tumor-associated antigen MUC1 and Interleukine-2. This vector is based on the modified virus of Ankara, a significantly attenuated strain of vaccinia virus. TG4010 has been designed to induce or amplify a cellular immune response directed against tumor cells expressing MUC1. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular profiling of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for known oncogenic drivers is recommended during routine care. Nationally, however, the feasibility and effects on outcomes of this policy are unknown. We aimed to assess the characteristics, molecular profiles, and clinical outcomes of patients who were(More)
PURPOSE Crizotinib confers improved progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy in anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but progression invariably occurs. We investigated the efficacy and safety of alectinib, a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with excellent CNS penetration, in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal treatment of large-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) of the lung remains unclear. Here, our primary objective was to assess the efficacy of cisplatin-etoposide doublet chemotherapy in advanced LCNEC. Accuracy of the pathological diagnosis and treatment toxicity were assessed as secondary objectives. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastases (BM) occur in up to 40% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. This trial assessed the safety and efficacy of pemetrexed-cisplatin in this population. PATIENTS AND METHODS Chemonaive NSCLC patients with BM ineligible for (radio)surgery, performance status (PS) of 0 to 2, were eligible for up to six cycles of cisplatin(More)
PURPOSE This phase III study investigated whether continuation maintenance with gemcitabine or switch maintenance with erlotinib improves clinical outcome compared with observation in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose disease was controlled after cisplatin-gemcitabine induction chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Four hundred(More)